Scientists group each separate kind of organism into a species according to the binomial system of nomenclature, which uses two Latin names to designate a separate type of organism.
is Scientific Classification?
classification is how scientists catagorize and name
plants and animals.
do we need scientific classification?
In order to
effectively study plants and animals, all scientists need to
use the same names. Using the same names keeps
scientists from getting confused about what species is being
referred to. Our current day classification system was created
by Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeaus in 1757; this is what we
refer to as Taxonomy.
is the Linnaean taxonomic system?
taxonomic system is quite useful as a classification system.
Not only does it provide official names for every plant and
animal, it also helps scientists understand how objects are
related to one another. The Linnaean system is based on a
series of nested categories. Each Linnaean name is based on
Latin and Greek root words which are often difficult to
People that are
not scientists use common names. For example, the blues whale
is known by two names: 1) Most people call them by their
common name: "blue whale" while 2) Scientists use
the blue whale's scientific name: Balaenoptera musculus.
does taxonomy relate to marine mammals?
are animals that are warm-blooded with back bones that live in
water. This information can also be discovered by
looking at marine mammal taxonomic classifications.
These classifications allow people to better understand how
marine mammals are related to other animals. The chart
below is a sample taxonomic chart for blue whales.
belong to the kingdom Animalia
because whales, have many cells, ingest food, and are formed from a
"blastula" (from a fertilized egg).
animal from the phylum
Chordata has a spinal cord
and gill pouches.
and other mammals
are warm blooded, have glands to provide milk for their off-spring,
and have a four-chambered heart.
are mammals live completely in the water.
that belong to the suborder Mysticeti
have baleen plates (big
filters in their mouths) rather than teeth.
also called rorqual whales. They have pleats around their throat that
allow them to hold lots of water (which contains their food).
genus is a group of species that are more closely related to one
another than any group in the family. Balaenoptera
refers to the genus.
a grouping of individuals that interbreed successfully. The blue
whale species name is musculus.
the Animal Kingdom Classification. Why do we classify organisms? The case of the Orkney
vole: an ... Alternatively,
take a look at the University of California's Phylogeny of Life. ...
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