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Battle Of Allatoona

October 5, 1864



Estimated casualties: 1,505: Union: 706, Confederates 799.

Principal Commanders:  Maj. Gen. Samuel G. French [CS]
                       Brig. Gen. John M. Corse [US)


When, after the evacuation of Atlanta, the Confederates crossed the Chattahoochee and destroyed the railroad, Corse was ordered from Rome to the relief of Allatoona, where an infantry division of the enemy threatened large commissary supplies, guarded by 890 men, under Col. Tourtellotte. General Corse arrived with 1,054 troops before the Confederates; but when the latter came up, being greatly superior in numbers, they closely surrounded the position. To the summons of the Confederate general, French, to surrender and avoid a needless effusion of blood, General Corse returned a defiant answer. The Confederates, numbering 4,000 or 5,000, attacked the fortifications furiously, 5 October, 1864, but were repeatedly driven back.


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Battle of Allatoona

Battle of Allatoona

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Battle of Allatoona
Part of the American Civil War

Date October 5, 1864
Location Bartow County, Georgia
Result Union victory
Flag of the United States United States (Union) Flag of Confederate States of America CSA (Confederacy)
John M. Corse Samuel G. French
Allatoona Garrison;
4th Division, XV Corps (1,944)
French's Division (2,000)
Casualties and losses
706 799

The Battle of Allatoona, also known as Allatoona Pass, was fought October 5, 1864, as part of the Franklin-Nashville Campaign of the American Civil War.

After the fall of Atlanta, Lt. Gen. John Bell Hood moved the Confederate Army of Tennessee northward to threaten the Western and Atlantic Railroad, Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's supply line. Along the way he attacked a number of minor garrisons and damaged track from October 2 to October 4. Sherman sent a reinforcement brigade to Allatoona commanded by Brig. Gen. John M. Corse before the southern army arrived. The saying "hold the fort" originated from Sherman's instructions to General Corse prior to the battle.

Maj. Gen. Samuel G. French's Confederate division arrived near Allatoona at sunrise on October 5. After demanding a surrender and receiving a negative reply, French attacked. The Union line survived a sustained two and a half hour attack, but then fell back and regrouped in an earthen star fort on top of Allatoona Pass. General French repeatedly attacked the position, but the fort held. The Confederates began to run low on ammunition, and reports of arriving Union reinforcements influenced them to move off and rejoin Hood’s force.



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