WW II Chronology
troops invade Czechoslovakia.
and England pledge to protect Poland’s independence
Germany and the USSR sign a non-aggression pact
to invade Poland are canceled
Germany invades Poland.
Britain and France declare war on Nazi Germany.
States proclaims neutrality.
of United States declares limited national emergency.
29 Germany and Soviet union
agree on the partition of Poland
Last remnant of Polish forces
surrenders to German Army
Congress passes law permitting
“cash and carry” sale of munitions to belligerents.
30 USSR attacks Finland.
Soviet-Finnish war ends.
Nazi Germany occupies Denmark and
14 - 20. British
land troops in Norway.
concludes armistice with Nazi Germany.
Nazi Germany launches
“Sichelschnitt” invasion of Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, and France.
Churchill succeeds Chamberlain as British
13 Nazi General Erwin Rommel’s
7th Panzer Division crosses the Meuse River near Dinant while
General Heinz Guderian’s 19th Armored Corps crosses the Meuse River
Dutch surrender to Nazi Germany
France, falls to Nazi Germany
withdraw from Norway
surrenders to Nazi Germany
troops begin to evacuate from Dunkirk, France
United States releases war material
to Great Britain.
4 Evacuation of Allied
troops from Dunkirk is completed. Hitler allows 338,000 troops to escape to
Churchill makes his “We
shall fight on the beaches...” speech to Parliament
9 Norwegian government falls
declares war on France and Great Britain.
march into Paris.
and Nazi Germany conclude armistice.
and Italy conclude armistice
naval forces attack French fleet at Oran.
Battle of Britain - Nazi
Germany begins air offensive against Great Britain with 65 German airplanes.
16 Hitler issues an invasion of
Great Britain directive, Operation Sealion. to the German armed forces.
18 Churchill makes his “This
was their finest hour...” speech to Parliament.
19 Hitler in the Reichstag
makes a public peace offer to Britain, which is rejected on the 22nd
31 German high command meets
with Hitler and agrees to attack the USSR in May.
authorizes call of reserve components for 12 months’ duty.
approves Franco’s Spanish-German plan to attack Gibraltar
United States and Great Britain
conclude agreement to exchange destroyers (U.S.) for base rights (British).
that British cities will be bombed every night, in retribution for their
bombing of Berlin
13 Italy invades Egypt seeking
to gain control of the Suez Canal
- Selective Service law enacted by Congress.
postpones Operation Sealion
invade French Indochina.
- Nazi Germany, Italy, Japan conclude three-power pact.
agrees to enter the war
considers the Battle of Britain over
joined the Axis
joined the Axis
soldiers invaded Ethiopia
joined the Axis
passes Lend-Lease Act.
invaded Greece and Yugoslavia
13 Japan and Russia
signed a non-aggression pact.
Roosevelt proclaims state of unlimited national emergency.
and French forces invaded Syria
22 Russia is invaded by
Hitler with approximately 3 million troops.
States forces land in Iceland.
States declares oil embargo on Japan.
Atlantic Charter was announced
14 Roosevelt and
German torpedo attack on USS Greer
opens tacit shooting war in Atlantic.
25 Army and Navy Secretaries
submit to Roosevelt an estimate of U.S. forces needed to defeat the Axis and
First Soviet Protocol signed by
U.S., Great Britain, and USSR at Moscow.
Japan delivers simultaneous bombing
attacks on Pearl Harbor, the Philippines, Wake, and Guam, invades Malaya and
Thailand, seizes Shanghai, and declares war on the U.S. and Great Britain.
8 German offensive in Russia
Canada Declares War on Japan
declares war on Japan, Nazi Germany, and Italy.
Japanese capture Guam, land on Luzon
11 Nazi Germany and Italy
declare war on United States, and United States declares itself at war with
18 Japanese they attacked Hong
Kong and on Christmas Day the British surrendered.
Flying Tigers enter combat against Japanese in China.
Macarthur decides to evacuate Manila and withdraw to Bataan.
Island captured by Japanese.
1-Jan United Nations Declaration signed by
twenty-six nations at war with Axis.
and Filipino forces complete withdrawal into Bataan.
Chiefs of Staff established.
Anglo-American Conference (ARCADIA)
capture British North Borneo.
capture Rabaul and Kavieng in the Bismarck Archipelago, invade Bougainville in
Navy bombards Gilberts and Marshalls.
27 -28. Allies
loose the Battle of Java Sea. Japanese invade Java.
Mar - Nov. Submarine
attacks in Atlantic rise to record heights.
Department is reorganized.
MacArthur reaches Australia and takes command of Allied forces.
conversations in London result in conditional agreement on BOLERO-ROUNDUP Plan.
Surrender of Bataan.
First U.S. air bombardment of Tokyo.
Japanese land on Tulagi, adjacent
to Guadalcanal, where they soon began to build an airstrip.
of all U.S. forces in Philippines.
Allies win Battle of the Coral Sea.
complete conquest of Burma.
opens drive into Egypt.
win Battle of Midway.
United States declared war on Bulgaria, Hungary, and Romania.
invade western Aleutians.
troops seized Tobruk in North Africa..
Germans capture Sevastopol.
advance stops at border of Egypt.
4 One of the most
devastating submarine attacks on convoy to USSR along the northern route.
Soviet Protocol signed.
suspend convoys to USSR on northern route.
18-25. British-American conversations in
London, resulting in decision to invade North Africa.
Japanese landing near Gona, New
Guinea, starts Papua Campaign.
South Pacific forces invade
Guadalcanal, Florida, and Tulagi Islands, in the Solomons.
19 British Commonwealth force
raids Dieppe, France that results in a disaster with 3,367 casualties including
1,946 prisoners of war.
23 Churchill accepts
Roosevelt’s proposal that the U.S. operate Persian Gulf facilities for aid to
Battle for Stalingrad begins.
open counteroffensive at El Alamein.
Allies land at Casablanca, Oran, and
Algiers in French North Africa.
troops move into Tunis and Bizerte.
offensive reaches Libya.
French resistance to Allies in North
Axis troops march into unoccupied
offensive in West reaches Tunisia.
Russians counter-attack at Stalingrad.
fleet scuttled in Toulon harbor.
Allied drive on Tunis ends in stalemate.
14 -23 Jan.
Allied conference at Casablanca.
for Papua, New Guinea, ends.
Air Force makes its first attack on Nazi Germany, at Wilhelmshaven.
Army destroys remnants of German Sixth Army at Stalingrad.
Japanese resistance on Guadalcanal ceases.
breaks through Kasserine Pass, Tunisia.
retake Kasserine Pass.
The Allies defeat the Japanese in
the Battle of the Bismarck Sea.
troops retreated across the Yangtze
Allied offensive in Tunisia begins.
capture E1 Guettar.
20 - 27 Montgomery
breaks through the Mareth Line.
11 - 31 May With
recapture of Attu by Allies Japanese are driven from the Aleutians.
forces in northern Africa surrendered.
TRIDENT Conference in Washington.
Axis forces in Tunisia surrender.
1-30 June Shipping losses reach
new low, signalizing victory over U-boat.
30 Allies begin operation for
reduction of Rabaul (CARTWHEEL) with attacks in central Solomons and New
Germany opened an assault near the
Soviet city of Kursk
falla from power in Italy
14 - 24 Aug
QUADRANT Conference at Quebec.
of Sicily campaign.
complete occupation of New Georgia, Solomon Islands.
3-Sep British troops invade Southern
secretly signed an armistice with the Allies
Pacific forces recapture Lae-Salamaua, New Guinea.
8 Italy formally surrenders.
under U.S. Fifth Army land on the Salerno beaches; British troops land at
Allies failed to pierce
German defenses at the Hitler Line south of Rome
11 Italian Fleet is surrendered at Malta.
Allies enter Naples and occupy
Australians seize Finschhafen, New
Italy declares war on Nazi Germany.
reach Zaporodzhe, industrial center of Ukraine.
19 - 30
British, American Foreign Ministers and military representatives confer in
Pacific forces invade Bougainville.
Fifth Army attacks German Winter Line in Italy
Russians captured Kiev.
of Central Pacific offensive (Makin and Tarawa in Gilberts).
22 - 7
Allied conferences, Cairo-Tehran
14 Soviet armies begin first phase of
Pacific troops invade New Britain at Cape Gloucester.
USSR opens offensive to relieve
20 In Italy, beginning of
unsuccessful operations to cross the Rapido River and seize Cassino.
Corps, U.S. Fifth Army, lands at Anzio.
Russians broke the siege of Leningrad
Pacific forces invade the Marshall Islands.
12-Feb General Eisenhower is formally
designated Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force, Europe, by Combined
Chiefs of Staff.
U.S. Naval forces attack Truk in
20 Reduction of Rabaul
completed with Japanese abandonment of it as an airbase.
24 In Burma, Merrill’s
Marauders advance into Hukawng Valley, with the Myitkyina airfield as their
2000 by Evisum Inc.TM. All rights