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American’s Four United Republics: Discovery-Based Curriculum

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Earth Picture


41/2 billion years

6,600,000,000,000,000,000,000 tons  

-- once every 23 hours, 56 minutes, 4.09 seconds
Revolution - around the sun every 365 days, 6 hours, 9 minutes, 9.53 seconds

Polar Diameter
--7,899.93 miles (12,713.54 kilometers)
Equatorial Diameter
  --7,926.41 miles (12,756.32 kilometers)
Polar Circumference
--24,859.82 miles (40,008.00 kilometers)
Equatorial Circumference
--24,901.55 miles (40,075.16 kilometers)

Total Surface Area
--196,950,000 square miles - 509,917,870 square kilometers Land Area--57,285,000 square miles - 148,380,000 square kilometers
30 per cent of total surface area. 
Water Area-- 139,665,400 square miles - 361,537,870 square kilometers
70 per cent of total surface area.

Land Features  
Highest Land
--Mount Everest, 29,028 feet 8,648 meters  
Lowest Land
--shore of Dead Sea, 1,299 feet 396 meters below sea level.

Ocean Features 
Deepest Part of Ocean
--Pacific Ocean southwest of Guam 36,198 feet 
Average Ocean Depth
--12,450 feet 

 Highest, 136
o F. (58o C) at Al Aziziyah, Libya. 
, -126.9
o F (-88.29o C) at Vostok in Antarctica. 
Average Surface Temperature
, 57
o F (14o C).

Height -- 99 per cent of the atmosphere is less than 100 miles  above the earth's surface, but particles of the atmosphere are 1,000 miles above the surface. 
--78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen, .9% argon & .1% other gases.

 Earth's Crust Components
 Oxygen 46.6; Silicon 27.7; Aluminum 8.1; Iron 5.0; Calcium 3.6; Sodium 2.8; Potassium 2.6; Magnesium 2.0; and remaining  elements totaling 1.6.


Research Links

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Earth and Moon Viewer
Earth and Moon Viewer. For fastest access, please visit our nearest mirror site:
Europe North America Welcome to Earth and Moon Viewer. Viewing the Earth. ...

Earth Science Picture of the Day
Earth Science Picture of the Day Today's Archive Search
About. Chesapeake Bay Ice. Today's Earth ...

Earth Picture List
Pictures of Earth. Earth. Images. Map projected image
of Earth (AVHRR) 123k gif; 1440k gif; Famous ...

Astronomy Picture of the Day
Astronomy Picture of the Day. Discover ... nebula. Tomorrow's
picture: Star Birth in the Carina Spiral Arm. ...

The Definitive Earth 2 Picture Archive - Page 2
Warning! This web page is picture heavy. Loading time may be unusually lengthy.
Click on the thumbnail image for the full size picture. ...

Picture Gallery
... of the following wings of the picture gallery. Each image is previewed by ... SIR-C/X-SAR
radars illuminate Earth with microwaves allowing detailed observations at ...

SciFI Advance: Earth 2 Picture Page
With Earth 2 definatly not seeing the light of a second
season, this page has undergone its ...

The Definitive Earth 2 Picture Archive
Warning! This web site is picture heavy. Loading time may
be unusually lengthy. May the journey continue... ...

Earth Picture List
Pictures of Earth. Earth. Images. Map projected image
of Earth (AVHRR) 123k gif; 1444k gif; Famous ...

Dazzling Pictures of the Earth: Earth Picture PP1.2
... Breathtaking pictures of the Earth. Find your favorite
Earth picture. ORDER EARTHLIGHT ...

The world famous 'Planet Earth Image Gallery - ' features a breathtaking and ... image,
gallery, travel, holidays, picture, photograph, animals, island, rainforrest ...

Kungfu The Way of Heaven & Earth - Picture Page2.
Kungfu The Way of Heaven & Earth. Picture Page Two: An
Illustrated Dual-attack Defence Method. ...

... My Friends, I give you… THE DUMBEST GUY ON EARTH! This picture is real - not doctored
in anyway - and was taken by a Transportation Supervisor for a company ...

Mid-Atlantic Ridge [This Dynamic Earth, USGS]
USGS. The Mid-Atlantic Ridge, which splits nearly the
entire Atlantic Ocean north to south ...

Living on Earth: Picture Gallery
Living on Earth, Picture Gallery. ... Reporter Bob Carty
at Ice Patch with Geologist Greg Hare. (Photo ...

Earth Picture
Latest picture of the Earth from Meteosat

Earth Picture List
Billeder af Jorden. Jorden. Billeder. Map projected
image of Earth (AVHRR) 123k gif; 1440k gif; Famous ...

Earth Picture List
... Nine Planets: Pictures of Earth. Earth. Images. Map
projected image of Earth (AVHRR) 123k gif; 1440k ...

Fine Earth Picture Portfolio
Fine Earth Portfolio. The Fine Earth Crew. Waterfall. Additional Pictures.

E! Online - Features - Live - Here on Earth - Picture ...
Click here! sitewide search, (entire site), multimedia. ...

Earth Picture
My. Favorite Links. Daily Reading. ...

E! Online - Features - Live - Here on Earth - Picture ...
NETSCAPE NETCENTER, Search WebMail My Netscape Buddy Chat Help Download.
Click here! Home > Entertainment, Features by, ...


Start your search on Earth.

America's Four United Republics Exhibit - Click Here

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Image Use

Please join us in our mission to incorporate America's Four United Republics discovery-based curriculum into the classroom of every primary and secondary school in the United States of America by July 2, 2026, the nation’s 250th birthday. , the United States of America: We The People Click Here


Childhood & Family

Click Here


Historic Documents

Articles of Association

Articles of Confederation 1775

Articles of Confederation

Article the First

Coin Act

Declaration of Independence

Declaration of Independence

Emancipation Proclamation

Gettysburg Address

Monroe Doctrine

Northwest Ordinance

No Taxation Without Representation

Thanksgiving Proclamations

Mayflower Compact

Treaty of Paris 1763

Treaty of Paris 1783

Treaty of Versailles

United Nations Charter

United States In Congress Assembled

US Bill of Rights

United States Constitution

US Continental Congress

US Constitution of 1777

US Constitution of 1787

Virginia Declaration of Rights


Historic Events

Battle of New Orleans

Battle of Yorktown

Cabinet Room

Civil Rights Movement

Federalist Papers

Fort Duquesne

Fort Necessity

Fort Pitt

French and Indian War

Jumonville Glen

Manhattan Project

Stamp Act Congress

Underground Railroad

US Hospitality

US Presidency

Vietnam War

War of 1812

West Virginia Statehood

Woman Suffrage

World War I

World War II


Is it Real?

Declaration of

Digital Authentication
Click Here


America’s Four Republics
The More or Less United States

Continental Congress
U.C. Presidents

Peyton Randolph

Henry Middleton

Peyton Randolph

John Hancock


Continental Congress
U.S. Presidents

John Hancock

Henry Laurens

John Jay

Samuel Huntington


Constitution of 1777
U.S. Presidents

Samuel Huntington

Samuel Johnston
Elected but declined the office

Thomas McKean

John Hanson

Elias Boudinot

Thomas Mifflin

Richard Henry Lee

John Hancock
Chairman David Ramsay]

Nathaniel Gorham

Arthur St. Clair

Cyrus Griffin


Constitution of 1787
U.S. Presidents

George Washington 

John Adams
Federalist Party

Thomas Jefferson
Republican* Party

James Madison 
Republican* Party

James Monroe
Republican* Party

John Quincy Adams
Republican* Party
Whig Party

Andrew Jackson
Republican* Party
Democratic Party

Martin Van Buren
Democratic Party

William H. Harrison
Whig Party

John Tyler
Whig Party

James K. Polk
Democratic Party

David Atchison**
Democratic Party

Zachary Taylor
Whig Party

Millard Fillmore
Whig Party

Franklin Pierce
Democratic Party

James Buchanan
Democratic Party

Abraham Lincoln 
Republican Party

Jefferson Davis***
Democratic Party

Andrew Johnson
Republican Party

Ulysses S. Grant 
Republican Party

Rutherford B. Hayes
Republican Party

James A. Garfield
Republican Party

Chester Arthur 
Republican Party

Grover Cleveland
Democratic Party

Benjamin Harrison
Republican Party

Grover Cleveland 
Democratic Party

William McKinley
Republican Party

Theodore Roosevelt
Republican Party

William H. Taft 
Republican Party

Woodrow Wilson
Democratic Party

Warren G. Harding 
Republican Party

Calvin Coolidge
Republican Party

Herbert C. Hoover
Republican Party

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Democratic Party

Harry S. Truman
Democratic Party

Dwight D. Eisenhower
Republican Party

John F. Kennedy
Democratic Party

Lyndon B. Johnson 
Democratic Party 

Richard M. Nixon 
Republican Party

Gerald R. Ford 
Republican Party

James Earl Carter, Jr. 
Democratic Party

Ronald Wilson Reagan 
Republican Party

George H. W. Bush
Republican Party 

William Jefferson Clinton
Democratic Party

George W. Bush 
Republican Party

Barack H. Obama
Democratic Party

Please Visit

Forgotten Founders
Norwich, CT

Annapolis Continental
Congress Society

U.S. Presidency
& Hospitality

© Stan Klos





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