Virtual Museum of Art | Virtual Museum of History | Virtual Public Library | Virtual Science Center | Virtual Museum of Natural History | Virtual War Museum
   You are in: Virtual Public Library >> Hall of Treasury >> Lawrence H. Summers





American’s Four United Republics: Discovery-Based Curriculum

For More Information go to America's Four United Republics Curriculum


 


Lawrence H. Summers

Jul. 2, 1999 to Jan. 20, 2001
Under President George W. Bush

Secretary of the Treasury

Lawrence H. Summers was sworn in as the 71st Secretary of the Treasury on July 2, 1999. He was serving as Deputy Secretary of the Treasury, a position he began on August 11, 1995.

As Deputy Secretary, Mr. Summers was the second-highest ranking official at the Treasury Department. In that position, he took a leadership role in the Department's work on international policy issues, tax policy issues, issues relating to the financial system, domestic policy issues and enforcement issues. Mr. Summers also served as the American deputy in the G-7 international economic cooperation process.

From April 5, 1993 to August 10, 1995, Mr. Summers served as Under Secretary of the Treasury for International Affairs. In that position, he had broad responsibility assisting the Secretary of the Treasury in the formulation and execution of international economic policies. He was elected chairman of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's Working Party Three in May 1994.

From 1991 to 1993, Mr. Summers served as Vice President of Development Economics and Chief Economist of the World Bank. As Chief Economist he sat on the Bank's Loan Committee, played a key role in the design of country assistance strategies and had overall responsibility for the Bank's research, statistics and external training programs.

Mr. Summers was Nathaniel Ropes Professor of Political Economy at Harvard University from 1987 until 1993. He was named professor of economics at Harvard in 1983, the youngest tenured professor in the University's history. Mr. Summers has written extensively on economic analysis and policy and is author of Understanding Unemployment, coauthor of Reform in Eastern Europe and he edited the series Tax Policy and the Economy, He has contributed more than 100 articles to professional economic journals and served as editor of the Quarterly Journal of Economics from 1984 to 1990.

In 1993, Mr. Summers was awarded the John Bates Clark Medal given every two years to the outstanding American economist under the age of 40. He was also the first social scientist to receive the National Science Foundation's Alan Waterman Award for outstanding scientific achievement. He is a fellow of the Econometric Society and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Prior to coming to Harvard in 1983, Mr. Summers served as Domestic Policy Economist on the President's Council of Economic Advisers during 1982-1983 and served on the MIT faculty from 1979 to 1982. He received an S.B. degree from MIT in 1975 and a Ph.D. from Harvard in 1982.

Summers was born in New Haven, Connecticut in 1954. He and his wife, Victoria Summers, a tax attorney, have twin daughters and a son. 
- Text Courtesy of the Office of the Curator


Start your search on Lawrence H. Summers.


America's Four United Republics Exhibit - Click Here


Unauthorized Site: This site and its contents are not affiliated, connected, associated with or authorized by the individual, family, friends, or trademarked entities utilizing any part or the subject's entire name. Any official or affiliated sites that are related to this subject will be hyper linked below upon submission and Evisum, Inc. review.

Copyright© 2000 by Evisum Inc.TM. All rights reserved.
Evisum Inc.TM Privacy Policy

Search:

About Us

 

 

Image Use

Please join us in our mission to incorporate America's Four United Republics discovery-based curriculum into the classroom of every primary and secondary school in the United States of America by July 2, 2026, the nation’s 250th birthday. , the United States of America: We The People Click Here

 

Childhood & Family

Click Here

 

Historic Documents

Articles of Association

Articles of Confederation 1775

Articles of Confederation

Article the First

Coin Act

Declaration of Independence

Declaration of Independence

Emancipation Proclamation

Gettysburg Address

Monroe Doctrine

Northwest Ordinance

No Taxation Without Representation

Thanksgiving Proclamations

Mayflower Compact

Treaty of Paris 1763

Treaty of Paris 1783

Treaty of Versailles

United Nations Charter

United States In Congress Assembled

US Bill of Rights

United States Constitution

US Continental Congress

US Constitution of 1777

US Constitution of 1787

Virginia Declaration of Rights

 

Historic Events

Battle of New Orleans

Battle of Yorktown

Cabinet Room

Civil Rights Movement

Federalist Papers

Fort Duquesne

Fort Necessity

Fort Pitt

French and Indian War

Jumonville Glen

Manhattan Project

Stamp Act Congress

Underground Railroad

US Hospitality

US Presidency

Vietnam War

War of 1812

West Virginia Statehood

Woman Suffrage

World War I

World War II

 

Is it Real?



Declaration of
Independence

Digital Authentication
Click Here

 

America’s Four Republics
The More or Less United States

 
Continental Congress
U.C. Presidents

Peyton Randolph

Henry Middleton

Peyton Randolph

John Hancock

  

Continental Congress
U.S. Presidents

John Hancock

Henry Laurens

John Jay

Samuel Huntington

  

Constitution of 1777
U.S. Presidents

Samuel Huntington

Samuel Johnston
Elected but declined the office

Thomas McKean

John Hanson

Elias Boudinot

Thomas Mifflin

Richard Henry Lee

John Hancock
[
Chairman David Ramsay]

Nathaniel Gorham

Arthur St. Clair

Cyrus Griffin

  

Constitution of 1787
U.S. Presidents

George Washington 

John Adams
Federalist Party


Thomas Jefferson
Republican* Party

James Madison 
Republican* Party

James Monroe
Republican* Party

John Quincy Adams
Republican* Party
Whig Party

Andrew Jackson
Republican* Party
Democratic Party


Martin Van Buren
Democratic Party

William H. Harrison
Whig Party

John Tyler
Whig Party

James K. Polk
Democratic Party

David Atchison**
Democratic Party

Zachary Taylor
Whig Party

Millard Fillmore
Whig Party

Franklin Pierce
Democratic Party

James Buchanan
Democratic Party


Abraham Lincoln 
Republican Party

Jefferson Davis***
Democratic Party

Andrew Johnson
Republican Party

Ulysses S. Grant 
Republican Party

Rutherford B. Hayes
Republican Party

James A. Garfield
Republican Party

Chester Arthur 
Republican Party

Grover Cleveland
Democratic Party

Benjamin Harrison
Republican Party

Grover Cleveland 
Democratic Party

William McKinley
Republican Party

Theodore Roosevelt
Republican Party

William H. Taft 
Republican Party

Woodrow Wilson
Democratic Party

Warren G. Harding 
Republican Party

Calvin Coolidge
Republican Party

Herbert C. Hoover
Republican Party

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Democratic Party

Harry S. Truman
Democratic Party

Dwight D. Eisenhower
Republican Party

John F. Kennedy
Democratic Party

Lyndon B. Johnson 
Democratic Party 

Richard M. Nixon 
Republican Party

Gerald R. Ford 
Republican Party

James Earl Carter, Jr. 
Democratic Party

Ronald Wilson Reagan 
Republican Party

George H. W. Bush
Republican Party 

William Jefferson Clinton
Democratic Party

George W. Bush 
Republican Party

Barack H. Obama
Democratic Party

Please Visit

Forgotten Founders
Norwich, CT

Annapolis Continental
Congress Society


U.S. Presidency
& Hospitality

© Stan Klos

 

 

 

 


Virtual Museum of Art | Virtual Museum of History | Virtual Public Library | Virtual Science Center | Virtual Museum of Natural History | Virtual War Museum