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The Marshall Plan
April 3, 1948
Images and Text courtesy of: National Archives and Records Administration

George C. Marshall

As the war-torn nations of Europe faced famine and economic crisis in the wake of World War II, the United States proposed to rebuild the continent in the interest of political stability and a healthy world economy. On June 5, 1947, in a commencement address at Harvard University, Secretary of State George C. Marshall first called for American assistance in restoring the economic infrastructure of Europe. Western Europe responded favorably, and the Truman administration proposed legislation. The resulting Economic Cooperation Act of 1948 restored European agricultural and industrial productivity. Credited with preventing famine and political chaos, the plan later earned General Marshall a Nobel Peace Prize.

The Economic Cooperation Act of 1948, April 3, 1948, page 1, General Records of the United States Government, National Archives and Records Administration [S.2202, 80th Congress, 2nd Session, Public Law 472, Chapter 169].

You can read 2 complete pages of the Act:

Control Number NWCTB-11-LAWSPI159E6-PL80(472)
Media Textual records
Descr. Level Item
Record Group 11
Series LAWSPI159E6
Item PL80(472)
Title Act of April 3, 1948 [European Recovery Act [Marshall Plan]]
Dates 04/03/1948
Sample Record(s) Thumbnails of online copies (with links to larger access files)
Creating Org. United States Government.
Record Type/Genre Laws
Scope & Content The European Recovery Act, called the Marshall Plan after Secretary of State George C. Marshall who proposed it the previous year, channeled $12 billion in aid to Western Europe. This investment spurred a lasting industrial revival in Western Europe.
General Note The text of all federal laws is published in the U.S. Statutes at Large, a multivolume publication at libraries nationwide. The European Recovery Act is found in volume 62 of Statutes at Large, pp. 137-159 (62 Stat. 137). Exhibit History: Featured Document: "Marshall Plan," June 5, 1997 - July 1, 1997, National Archives Rotunda, Washington, DC, Exhibit No. 734.0001. "The Written Word Endures," April 1976 - August 1979, National Archives Circular Gallery, Washington, DC, Exhibit No. General Note 477.0071.
Variant Control# NWDT1-11-LAWS-PI159E6-PL80(472)
See Also Series Description
Corp Added Entry Congress
Access Unrestricted.
Use Restrictions None.
Contact Old Military and Civil Records (NWCTB), National Archives Building, 7th and Pennsylvania Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20408 PHONE: 202-501-5395 FAX: 202-208-1903


Research Links

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... HOW TO DO A 'MARSHALL PLAN' RIGHT. By Daniel Yergin. So often when a very large
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RESOLUTION. 63 Statement in the Congressional Record -- May 21, 1997. ...

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... Completing the Marshall Plan. By Jim Garamone American
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... Center Borne from the mind of a wise and diplomatically skilled visionary, the Marshall
Plan was the phoenix on whose wings war ravaged Europe would begin its ...

A Look Behind The Marshall Plan Mythology
June 4, 1997. A Look Behind The Marshall Plan Mythology. ... Yet Marshall Plan enthusiasts
simply assume its efficacy. The truth is not so simple. ...

5/12/97 Fact Sheet: The Marshall Plan
The Marshall Plan. Fact sheet prepared by the Office of Policy and Public Affairs,
Bureau for European and Canadian Affairs, May 12, 1997. ...

in The Netherlands and Britain on a tour designed to highlight his vision of ...

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The Marshall Plan (1987). THE MARSHALL PLAN. ...

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The Marshall Plan 1947-1997 by Susan Stern. ... Reconstruction of a building
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Online NewsHour: The Marshall Plan at 50 -- June 5, 1997
... Outside Links A Marshall Plan page put together by the US Information Agency. ... A Marshall
Plan 50th Anniversary site put together by the Marshall foundation. ...

USAID: Marshall Plan Home Page
... Welcome! You are here because you want to know more about the Marshall Plan and how
it made possible the rebuilding of Europe after World War II. As a keystone ...

MARSHALL PLAN. The Columbia Encyclopedia: Sixth Edition. 2000
... Reference > Columbia Encyclopedia > Marshall Plan. ... The Columbia
Encyclopedia: Sixth Edition. 2000. Marshall Plan ...

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