Virtual Museum of Art | Virtual Museum of History | Virtual Public Library | Virtual Science Center | Virtual Museum of Natural History | Virtual War Museum
   You are in: Museum of History >> Hall of USA >> Declaration of Independence >> Stephen Hopkins





American’s Four United Republics: Discovery-Based Curriculum

For More Information go to America's Four United Republics Curriculum


 


Stephen Hopkins

Signer of the Declaration of Independence

STEPHEN HOPKINS was born March 7, 1707 in Scituate, Rhode Island. Hopkins had little formal education, although he was an avid reader of Greek, Roman and British history and enjoyed English poetry as well. He was reared to be a farmer, and had inherited his father's estate in Scituate, although he was chiefly employed as a land surveyor. He was elected town clerk and some time after was chosen as a representative from Scituate to the general assembly. He was subsequently appointed a justice of the peace, and a justice of one of the courts of common pleas. In 1733, he became chief justice of that court. 

In 1742, he sold of his father's farm in Scituate, and moved to Providence, where he made a survey of the streets and lots and he erected a house, in which he continued to reside until his death. He married young, at the age of nineteen, a Miss Sarah Scott and fathered seven children. He also bought a store in Providence, Rhode Island that led to a successful and profitable career as a merchant and a ship builder. That same year he was sent to the provincial assembly as a representative from Providence and was chosen speaker.

In 1751 he was elected for the fourteenth time to the general assembly, and later in the year he was appointed chief justice of the superior court. He was a delegate from Rhode Island to the convention that met at Albany in 1754 for the purpose of developing a plan uniting the colonies and arranging an alliance with the Indians, in view of the impending war with France.

In 1756, Hopkins was elected governor of the colony and he held that office, with the exception of one year, until 1764. While he was governor, Hopkins had a disagreement with William Pitt, prime minister of England, regarding illegal imports with the French colonies. Hopkins was one of the earliest and most vigorous champions of colonial rights. In 1765 he wrote a pamphlet "The Grievances of the American Colonies Candidly Examined", which was printed by the order of the general assembly and reissued in London later that same year. In 1765 he was elected chairman of the committee appointed by a town meeting in Providence to draft instructions to the general assembly on The Stamp Act. The resolutions that were adopted were nearly identical to those Patrick Henry introduced into the house of burgesses of Virginia. 

In 1772, Hopkins was again elected to the general assembly. He freed his slaves in 1773 and the following year he sponsored a bill that prohibited the importation of slaves into the colony. He was elected with Samuel Ward to represent Rhode Island in the continental congress in August 1774. In the year 1775 and 1776, he again represented Rhode Island in the continental congress. In this latter year be had the honor of signing his name to the Declaration, which declared the colonies to be free, sovereign, and independent states. He recorded his name with a trembling hand, the only instance in which an unsteady signature is visible among the fifty-six patriots who wrote their names. But in this case only the flesh was weak. Hopkins had for some time been troubled with a condition, which forced him, when he wrote, to guide his right hand with his left.

Hopkins served in the Congress, distinguishing himself as a bold orator. "The liberties of America would be a cheap purchase with the loss of but 100,000 lives," he confessed to a colleague. His knowledge of the shipping business made him particularly useful as a member of the naval committee that formulated plans to arm vessels and in framing the regulations for the navy.

From 1777 through 1779, Hopkins was an active member of the general assembly of Rhode Island. He was a founder of the Providence town library in 1750, which was subsequently burned in 1760, but rebuild through his influence and involvement.

Hopkins spent the remainder of his life doing local public service work and he died at his home in Providence on July 13, 1785 at the age of seventy-eight.





Source: Centennial Book of Signers

For a High-resolution version of the original Declaration

  For a High-resolution version of the Stone engraving

 We invite you to read a transcription of the complete text of the Declaration as presented by the National Archives.

&

 

The article "The Declaration of Independence: A History," which provides a detailed account of the Declaration, from its drafting through its preservation today at the National Archives.  

   

Virtualology  welcomes the addition of web pages with historical documents and/or scholarly papers on this subject.  To submit a web link to this page CLICK HERE.  Please be sure to include the above name, your name, address, and any information you deem appropriate with your submission.

 

 

National Archives and Records Administration


Start your search on Stephen Hopkins.


America's Four United Republics Exhibit - Click Here


Unauthorized Site: This site and its contents are not affiliated, connected, associated with or authorized by the individual, family, friends, or trademarked entities utilizing any part or the subject's entire name. Any official or affiliated sites that are related to this subject will be hyper linked below upon submission and Evisum, Inc. review.

Copyright© 2000 by Evisum Inc.TM. All rights reserved.
Evisum Inc.TM Privacy Policy

Search:

About Us

 

 

Image Use

Please join us in our mission to incorporate America's Four United Republics discovery-based curriculum into the classroom of every primary and secondary school in the United States of America by July 2, 2026, the nation’s 250th birthday. , the United States of America: We The People Click Here

 

Childhood & Family

Click Here

 

Historic Documents

Articles of Association

Articles of Confederation 1775

Articles of Confederation

Article the First

Coin Act

Declaration of Independence

Declaration of Independence

Emancipation Proclamation

Gettysburg Address

Monroe Doctrine

Northwest Ordinance

No Taxation Without Representation

Thanksgiving Proclamations

Mayflower Compact

Treaty of Paris 1763

Treaty of Paris 1783

Treaty of Versailles

United Nations Charter

United States In Congress Assembled

US Bill of Rights

United States Constitution

US Continental Congress

US Constitution of 1777

US Constitution of 1787

Virginia Declaration of Rights

 

Historic Events

Battle of New Orleans

Battle of Yorktown

Cabinet Room

Civil Rights Movement

Federalist Papers

Fort Duquesne

Fort Necessity

Fort Pitt

French and Indian War

Jumonville Glen

Manhattan Project

Stamp Act Congress

Underground Railroad

US Hospitality

US Presidency

Vietnam War

War of 1812

West Virginia Statehood

Woman Suffrage

World War I

World War II

 

Is it Real?



Declaration of
Independence

Digital Authentication
Click Here

 

America’s Four Republics
The More or Less United States

 
Continental Congress
U.C. Presidents

Peyton Randolph

Henry Middleton

Peyton Randolph

John Hancock

  

Continental Congress
U.S. Presidents

John Hancock

Henry Laurens

John Jay

Samuel Huntington

  

Constitution of 1777
U.S. Presidents

Samuel Huntington

Samuel Johnston
Elected but declined the office

Thomas McKean

John Hanson

Elias Boudinot

Thomas Mifflin

Richard Henry Lee

John Hancock
[
Chairman David Ramsay]

Nathaniel Gorham

Arthur St. Clair

Cyrus Griffin

  

Constitution of 1787
U.S. Presidents

George Washington 

John Adams
Federalist Party


Thomas Jefferson
Republican* Party

James Madison 
Republican* Party

James Monroe
Republican* Party

John Quincy Adams
Republican* Party
Whig Party

Andrew Jackson
Republican* Party
Democratic Party


Martin Van Buren
Democratic Party

William H. Harrison
Whig Party

John Tyler
Whig Party

James K. Polk
Democratic Party

David Atchison**
Democratic Party

Zachary Taylor
Whig Party

Millard Fillmore
Whig Party

Franklin Pierce
Democratic Party

James Buchanan
Democratic Party


Abraham Lincoln 
Republican Party

Jefferson Davis***
Democratic Party

Andrew Johnson
Republican Party

Ulysses S. Grant 
Republican Party

Rutherford B. Hayes
Republican Party

James A. Garfield
Republican Party

Chester Arthur 
Republican Party

Grover Cleveland
Democratic Party

Benjamin Harrison
Republican Party

Grover Cleveland 
Democratic Party

William McKinley
Republican Party

Theodore Roosevelt
Republican Party

William H. Taft 
Republican Party

Woodrow Wilson
Democratic Party

Warren G. Harding 
Republican Party

Calvin Coolidge
Republican Party

Herbert C. Hoover
Republican Party

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Democratic Party

Harry S. Truman
Democratic Party

Dwight D. Eisenhower
Republican Party

John F. Kennedy
Democratic Party

Lyndon B. Johnson 
Democratic Party 

Richard M. Nixon 
Republican Party

Gerald R. Ford 
Republican Party

James Earl Carter, Jr. 
Democratic Party

Ronald Wilson Reagan 
Republican Party

George H. W. Bush
Republican Party 

William Jefferson Clinton
Democratic Party

George W. Bush 
Republican Party

Barack H. Obama
Democratic Party

Please Visit

Forgotten Founders
Norwich, CT

Annapolis Continental
Congress Society


U.S. Presidency
& Hospitality

© Stan Klos

 

 

 

 


Virtual Museum of Art | Virtual Museum of History | Virtual Public Library | Virtual Science Center | Virtual Museum of Natural History | Virtual War Museum