Virtual Museum of Art | Virtual Museum of History | Virtual Public Library | Virtual Science Center | Virtual Museum of Natural History | Virtual War Museum
   You are in: Museum of History >> Hall of Women >> Shagrat Al Durr





American’s Four United Republics: Discovery-Based Curriculum

For More Information go to America's Four United Republics Curriculum


 


Shagrat Al Durr

died 1259

Shagrat (or Shajarat) al -Durr (died 1259) became an politically powerful woman during the time of the Crusades.  She assumed the title of Sultan and reorganized the Egyptian army to recapture Damietta from the Frankish Crusaders.  In 1250 A.D. Shagrat's husband, Salih Ayyub, who was the Sultan of Egypt has died. 

 The French crusaders, under the leadership of Louis IX threatened Egypt.  In 1249 they landed at Damietta, at the head of the Nile.  While her husband was away in Damascus, Shagrat assumed leadership of the military to defend the country.  When her husband returned he unfortunately died leaving her alone.  She concealed his death, saying that he was ill and employed a servant to take food to his tent as a ruse. 

 Turan, her husband's son and her step-son, arrived and Shagrat gave the authority of the government over to him, and announced her husband's death.  Shagrat still retained control of the military and led a decisive victory over the French at Damietta.  The leaders of the army preferred Shagrat's leadership and plotted to assassinate Turan, who is not Turkish like they and his step-mother were.  They murder Turan and awarded the throne to Shagrat on May 2, 1250, beginning the Mamluk dynasty. 

 As sultan, Shagrat had coins made with her name as well as being mentioned in the weekly prayers in the mosques, both honors only due to sultans.  She negotiated peace with the Franks and allowed Louis IX to return to France.  Unfortunately, her reign is not long because Egypt was under the authority of the Caliphate of Baghdad who did not approve of women in leadership positions.  After only two months she was asked to resign, and Aibak, a popular and able Mamluk soldier took over the title. 

 Shagrat was not out of the picture yet because she seduced Aibak, they fall greatly in love, and she married him.  He retained the title of sultan, while Shagrat in reality continued to rule the country well for seven years.   A historian commented, "She dominated him, and he had nothing to say."  She would sign the sultan's decrees, had coins minted in both their names, and would reply if addressed Sultana.  Shagrat was a woman who wanted to live on men's terms.  When she married Aibak she forced him to divorce his wife who had born a son by him.

  When Aibak wanted to marry another woman, a common practice at that time, she plotted in a jealous rage to murder him.  When he was taking a bath after a polo match the dirty deed was done, and Shagrat became anxious to try to cover up her crime.  The army was divided over loyalty for Shagrat and her deceased soldier husband.  His former wife tipped the balance and influenced the slaves of the harem to kill Shagrat.  Her dead, half-naked body was thrown into the moat of the city.   

by Jane Harter

Research Links

Virtualology is not affiliated with the authors of these links nor responsible for each Link's content.

Female Hero: Shagrat al-Durr (Women in World History ...
... Eventually, Shagrat al-Durr's bones are taken and placed in the mosque known today
as the mosque of Shagrat al-Durr. Coins minted in Shagrat al-Durr's name. ...

Shagrat al Durr
... Eventually, Shagrat al-Durr's bones were taken and placed in the mosque known today
as the mosque of Shagrat al-Durr. Coins minted in Shagrat al-Durr's name. ...

Women.com Brings You 100 Women of the Millennium: Shagrat al ...
... We counted down 100 great women of this millennium. Meet ... the throne. When they sent
in their own man, Shagrat won him over, marrying and ruling beside him for ...

Shagrat Al Durr
... Sign up for: YourName@SHAGRATALDURR.COM. Shagrat Al Durr. died 1259.
Egyptian Sultan. Start your search on Shagrat Al Durr. ...

Shagrat al Durr: Map of Egypt and Syria
Egypt and Syria. Global Location. Detailed Map. Search
OzEdweb. | Technophile City | The Time ...

neur-sci archives: Re: Time Magazine: WOMAN of the Millennium
... on the throne itself > can be even more so. This month features Shagrat al-Durr,
who took upon herself > the title of Sultan, and regrouped the Egyptian army ...

Excite Guide: Entertainment: Celebrities: Political People: ...
... Shagrat al Durr - The Female Sultan - Chronicles the historic impact of this Indian
sultana and provides a portrait of her historical era. Shagrat al-Durr ...

/Society/ReligionandSpirituality/Islam/SocialAspectsofIslam/ ...
... Shagrat al-Durr - Biography of Shagrat al-Durr who took upon herself the title
of Sultan and regrouped the Egyptian army to take Damietta back from the ...

Discover the best websites for Society: Religion and ...
... bint Milhan - Biography of one of the first women of Yathrib to accept Islam. Shagrat
al-Durr - Biography of Shagrat al-Durr who took upon herself the title of ...

Open Directory - Society: Religion and Spirituality: Islam: ...
... bint Milhan - Biography of one of the first women of Yathrib to accept Islam. Shagrat
al-Durr - Biography of Shagrat al-Durr who took upon herself the title of ...

Directory - Important Muslim Women
... bint Milhan - Biography of one of the first women of Yathrib to accept Islam. Shagrat
al-Durr - Biography of Shagrat al-Durr who took upon herself the title of ...

Google Web Directory - Society > Religion and Spirituality > ...
... Shagrat al-Durr - http://www.womeninworldhistory.com/heroine1.html Biography of
Shagrat al-Durr who took upon herself the title of Sultan and regrouped the ...

Directory for Important Muslim Women
... Shagrat al-Durr Biography of Shagrat al-Durr who took upon herself the title of Sultan
and regrouped the Egyptian army to take Damietta back from the Frankish ...

Allzone: Society/Religion and Spirituality/Islam/Social Aspects ...
... bint Milhan - Biography of one of the first women of Yathrib to accept Islam. Shagrat
al-Durr - Biography of Shagrat al-Durr who took upon herself the title of ...

surf-site.com - Society: Religion and Spirituality: Islam: ...
... bint Milhan - Biography of one of the first women of Yathrib to accept Islam. Shagrat
al-Durr - Biography of Shagrat al-Durr who took upon herself the title of ...

Important Muslim Women : Top : Society : Religion and ...
... bint Milhan - Biography of one of the first women of Yathrib to accept Islam. Shagrat
al-Durr - Biography of Shagrat al-Durr who took upon herself the title of ...

Euroseek - Web Directory
... , Shagrat al-Durr - Biography of Shagrat al-Durr who took upon herself the title
of Sultan and regrouped the Egyptian army to take Damietta back from the ...

Muslims Internet Directory: Society And Culture/Women In Islam ...
... Shagrat al-Durr (Hits: 0 Rating: 00.00 Votes: 0) - Biography of Shagrat al-Durr
who took upon herself the title of Sultan and regrouped the Egyptian army to ...

Webtop.com's Web Zone
... Shagrat al-Durr (died 1259) who took the title of Sultan and regrouped the
Egyptian army to take Damietta back from the Frankish Crusaders. www ...

Military and Warfare
... al-Kindiyyah, 7th c. AD (Western Arabia); Raziyya Iltutmish d.1240 (India); Shagrat
al-Durr, died 1259 (Egypt); Joan of Arc, 1412-1431 (France); Another profile; ...

Gavvin's Keep: Library
... 1105-1160): Queen of Jerusalem; Osbernus: De expugnatione Lyxbonensi, 1147 (The
Capture of Lisbon); The Political Crusade; Shagrat al-Durr; The Third Crusade. ...

women-article
... During the third crusade, Shagrat al-Durr (d. 1259) wife of the Egyptian sultan,
organized the defense of the realm during her husband's illness, became sultan ...

women - in - world - history
The Trung Sisters Empress Wu Zetian. Queen Sonduk Sorghaghtani.
Murasaki Shikibu. Shagrat al-Durr. ...

Crusadestxt
... Salah al-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyubi (nephew of Shirkuh) Vizier Abbasid ties: 1171
Jerusalem 1187 Ayyubis. Mamluks 1240/ Mongols 1258, Shagrat al-Durr. ...

Untitled
... 2. Shagrat al-Durr (a female Muslim commander who fought Crusaders)
http://www.womeninworldhistory.com/heroine1.html. ...

Important Muslim Women
... Milhan Biography of one of the first women of Yathrib to accept Islam. Shagrat al-Durr
Biography of Shagrat al-Durr who took upon herself the title of Sultan ...

Excite Guide: Education: Arts & Humanities: History: Europe: ...
... Arc Kempe, Margery Margaret of Anjou, Margaret, Queen Marie de France Empress Matilda
Melisende Murasaki Shikibu Shagrat al-Durr Empress Theodora Other Figures. ...

Eleanor & Canterby
... Now, go back to Other Female Heroes. Read about a Muslim woman, Shagrat al-Durr,
who also lived in the Crusader Period. Compare and contrast her to Eleanor. ...

GNIR -- February 2000 / Hundred Women of the Millennium
... Queen Melisende. Eleanor of Aquitaine. Blanche of Castile.
Raziya Iltutmish. Shagrat al-Durr. Sorghaghtani ...

ReadWorld
... Raziya Iltutmish, b. 1236, ?? 90 Raziya Iltutmish, b. 1236, ?? 89 Shagrat
al Durr, b. 1249, ?? 88 Sorghaghtani Beki, b. 1248, ?? 87 Marguerite ...


Start your search on Shagrat Al Durr.


America's Four United Republics Exhibit - Click Here


Unauthorized Site: This site and its contents are not affiliated, connected, associated with or authorized by the individual, family, friends, or trademarked entities utilizing any part or the subject's entire name. Any official or affiliated sites that are related to this subject will be hyper linked below upon submission and Evisum, Inc. review.

Research Links

  • National Women's Hall of Fame
  • Women of the Millennium

    Copyright© 2000 by Evisum Inc.TM. All rights reserved.
    Evisum Inc.TM Privacy Policy

  • Search:

    About Us

     

     

    Image Use

    Please join us in our mission to incorporate America's Four United Republics discovery-based curriculum into the classroom of every primary and secondary school in the United States of America by July 2, 2026, the nation’s 250th birthday. , the United States of America: We The People Click Here

     

    Childhood & Family

    Click Here

     

    Historic Documents

    Articles of Association

    Articles of Confederation 1775

    Articles of Confederation

    Article the First

    Coin Act

    Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence

    Emancipation Proclamation

    Gettysburg Address

    Monroe Doctrine

    Northwest Ordinance

    No Taxation Without Representation

    Thanksgiving Proclamations

    Mayflower Compact

    Treaty of Paris 1763

    Treaty of Paris 1783

    Treaty of Versailles

    United Nations Charter

    United States In Congress Assembled

    US Bill of Rights

    United States Constitution

    US Continental Congress

    US Constitution of 1777

    US Constitution of 1787

    Virginia Declaration of Rights

     

    Historic Events

    Battle of New Orleans

    Battle of Yorktown

    Cabinet Room

    Civil Rights Movement

    Federalist Papers

    Fort Duquesne

    Fort Necessity

    Fort Pitt

    French and Indian War

    Jumonville Glen

    Manhattan Project

    Stamp Act Congress

    Underground Railroad

    US Hospitality

    US Presidency

    Vietnam War

    War of 1812

    West Virginia Statehood

    Woman Suffrage

    World War I

    World War II

     

    Is it Real?



    Declaration of
    Independence

    Digital Authentication
    Click Here

     

    America’s Four Republics
    The More or Less United States

     
    Continental Congress
    U.C. Presidents

    Peyton Randolph

    Henry Middleton

    Peyton Randolph

    John Hancock

      

    Continental Congress
    U.S. Presidents

    John Hancock

    Henry Laurens

    John Jay

    Samuel Huntington

      

    Constitution of 1777
    U.S. Presidents

    Samuel Huntington

    Samuel Johnston
    Elected but declined the office

    Thomas McKean

    John Hanson

    Elias Boudinot

    Thomas Mifflin

    Richard Henry Lee

    John Hancock
    [
    Chairman David Ramsay]

    Nathaniel Gorham

    Arthur St. Clair

    Cyrus Griffin

      

    Constitution of 1787
    U.S. Presidents

    George Washington 

    John Adams
    Federalist Party


    Thomas Jefferson
    Republican* Party

    James Madison 
    Republican* Party

    James Monroe
    Republican* Party

    John Quincy Adams
    Republican* Party
    Whig Party

    Andrew Jackson
    Republican* Party
    Democratic Party


    Martin Van Buren
    Democratic Party

    William H. Harrison
    Whig Party

    John Tyler
    Whig Party

    James K. Polk
    Democratic Party

    David Atchison**
    Democratic Party

    Zachary Taylor
    Whig Party

    Millard Fillmore
    Whig Party

    Franklin Pierce
    Democratic Party

    James Buchanan
    Democratic Party


    Abraham Lincoln 
    Republican Party

    Jefferson Davis***
    Democratic Party

    Andrew Johnson
    Republican Party

    Ulysses S. Grant 
    Republican Party

    Rutherford B. Hayes
    Republican Party

    James A. Garfield
    Republican Party

    Chester Arthur 
    Republican Party

    Grover Cleveland
    Democratic Party

    Benjamin Harrison
    Republican Party

    Grover Cleveland 
    Democratic Party

    William McKinley
    Republican Party

    Theodore Roosevelt
    Republican Party

    William H. Taft 
    Republican Party

    Woodrow Wilson
    Democratic Party

    Warren G. Harding 
    Republican Party

    Calvin Coolidge
    Republican Party

    Herbert C. Hoover
    Republican Party

    Franklin D. Roosevelt
    Democratic Party

    Harry S. Truman
    Democratic Party

    Dwight D. Eisenhower
    Republican Party

    John F. Kennedy
    Democratic Party

    Lyndon B. Johnson 
    Democratic Party 

    Richard M. Nixon 
    Republican Party

    Gerald R. Ford 
    Republican Party

    James Earl Carter, Jr. 
    Democratic Party

    Ronald Wilson Reagan 
    Republican Party

    George H. W. Bush
    Republican Party 

    William Jefferson Clinton
    Democratic Party

    George W. Bush 
    Republican Party

    Barack H. Obama
    Democratic Party

    Please Visit

    Forgotten Founders
    Norwich, CT

    Annapolis Continental
    Congress Society


    U.S. Presidency
    & Hospitality

    © Stan Klos

     

     

     

     


    Virtual Museum of Art | Virtual Museum of History | Virtual Public Library | Virtual Science Center | Virtual Museum of Natural History | Virtual War Museum