Sir Antonis Mor (usually written Moro, occasionally Moor), was born at
Utrecht in 1512, but though a Dutchman by birth he studied art in Flanders.
Sir Antonis Mor (usually written
Moro, occasionally Moor), was born at Utrecht in 1512, but though a Dutchman by
birth he studied art in Flanders. He visited Italy, but escaped the prevailing
epidemic of plagiarism, and on his return studied the works of Hans Holbein.
Charles V. employed Mor to paint the portrait of Queen Mary of England, to whom
Philip II. was betrothed. That unhappy Princess retained the painter at her
court at a salary of £100 a year.
Mor was highly esteemed in England
as a portrait painter, and was well paid for his work. He returned to Madrid on
the death of Queen Mary and painted for Philip II. In 1560 he left the court in
disgrace; perhaps, as one story has it, because he returned, with his maulstick,
a blow given him by the king. In this year (1560) he took the freedom of the
Guild at Antwerp. Later we find Philip vainly trying to induce Mor to return. In
the Netherlands he found a patron in the Duke of AlVa, who made him
Receiver-General of the Revenues of West Flanders. Mor died between 1576 and
1578 at Antwerp, whither he had gone in 1572. It is not known where or by whom
he was knighted. In England we have by his hand a Portrait of Queen Mary,
belonging to Lord Yarborough, and a Portrait of Jeanne d'Arcliel in the National
Gallery. The Madrid Museum contains many of his portraits, but in none does he
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