Giovanni Paolo Panini or Pannini (17 June 1691 – 21 October 1765) was an
Italian painter and architect, mainly known as one of the vedutisti ("view
As a young man, Panini trained in his native town of Piacenza, under Giuseppe
Natali and Andrea Galluzzi, and later the stage designer Francesco Galli-Bibiena.
In 1711, he moved to Rome, where he studied drawing with Benedetto Luti and
became famous as a decorator of palaces, including the Villa Patrizi
(1719–1725), the Palazzo de Carolis (1720), and the Seminario Romano
(1721–1722). In 1719, Panini was admitted to the Congregazione dei Virtuosi al
Pantheon. He taught in Rome at the Accademia di San Luca and the Académie de
France, where he influenced Jean-Honoré Fragonard. In 1754, he served as the
principal of the Accademia di San Luca. Panini died in Rome on 21 October 1765.
As a painter, Panini is best known for his vistas of Rome, in which he took a
particular interest in the city's antiquities. Among his most famous works are
the interior of the Pantheon, and his vedute—paintings of picture galleries
containing views of Rome. Most of his works, specially those of ruins have a
substantial fanciful and unreal embellishment characteristic of capriccio
themes. Panini also painted portraits, including one for Pope Benedict XIV.
Panini's studio included Hubert Robert and his son Francesco Panini. His style
would influence a number of other vedutisti, such as his pupil Antonio Joli, as
well as Canaletto and Bernardo Bellotto, who sought to appease the need by
visitors for painted "postcards" depicting the Italian environs
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