Ludovico (or Lodovico) Carracci (21 April 1555 – 13 November 1619) was an
Italian, early-Baroque painter, etcher, and printmaker born in Bologna.
Ludovico himself apprenticed under Prospero Fontana in Bologna and traveled to
Florence, Parma, and Venice, before returning to his hometown. Along with his
cousins Annibale and Agostino Carracci, Ludovico in 1585 was a founder and
director (caposindaco) of the so-called Eclectic Academy of painting (also
called the Accademia degli Incamminati), which in reality was a studio with
apprenticed assistants. This studio however propelled a number of Emilian
artists to pre-eminence in Rome and elsewhere, and singularly helped encourage
the so-called Bolognese School) of the late 16th century, which included Albani,
Guercino, Sacchi, Reni, Lanfranco and Domenichino. The Carracci had their
apprentice draw studies focused on observation of nature and natural poses, and
use a bold scale in drawing figures. Ludovico specifically helped train Giacomo
Cavedone. The Carracci are credited with reinvigorating Italian art, specially
fresco art, which was subsumed with formalistic Mannerism.
Carracci's own works are characterized by a strong mood invoked by broad
gestures and flickering light that create spiritual emotion.
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