Piranesi was born in Mogliano Veneto, near Treviso, then part of the Republic
of Venice. His brother Andrea introduced him to Latin and the ancient
civilization, and later he studied as an architect under his uncle, Matteo
Lucchesi, who was Magistrato delle Acque, a Venetian engineer who specialized in
From 1740 he was in Rome with Marco Foscarini, the Venetian envoy to the
Vatican. He resided in the Palazzo Venezia and studied under Giuseppe Vasi, who
introduced him to the art of etching and engraving. After his studies with Vasi,
he collaborated with pupils of the French Academy in Rome to produce a series of
vedute (views) of the city; his first work was Prima parte di Architettura e
Prospettive (1743), followed in 1745 by Varie Vedute di Roma Antica e Moderna.
From 1743 to 1747 he sojourned mainly in Venice where, according to some
sources, he frequented Giovanni Battista Tiepolo. He then returned to Rome,
where he opened a workshop in Via del Corso. In 1748-1774 he created a long
series of vedute of the city which established his fame. In the meantime
Piranesi devoted himself to the measurement of many of the ancient edifices:
this led to the publication of Antichità Romane de' tempo della prima Repubblica
e dei primi imperatori ("Roman Antiquities of the Time of the First Republic and
the First Emperors"). In 1761 he became a member of the Accademia di San Luca
and opened a printing facility of his own. In 1762 the Campo Marzio dell'antica
Roma collection of engravings was printed.
The following year he was commissioned by Pope Clement XIII to restore the choir
of San Giovanni in Laterano, but the work did not materialize. In 1764 Piranesi
started his sole architectural works of importance, the restoration of the
church of Santa Maria del Priorato in the Villa of the Knights of Malta in Rome,
where he was buried after his death, in a tomb designed by Giuseppi Angelini.
In 1767 he was created a knight of the Golden Spur, which enabled him henceforth
to sign himself "Cav[aliere] Piranesi". In 1769 his publication of a series of
ingenious and sometimes bizarre designs for chimneypieces, as well as an
original range of furniture pieces, established his place as a versatile and
resourceful designer. In 1776 he created his famous Piranesi Vase, his best
known work as a 'restorer' of ancient sculpture. In 1777-78 Piranesi published
Avanzi degli Edifici di Pesto, (Remains of the Edifices of Paestum) a collection
of views of Paestum.
He died in Rome in 1778 after a long illness and buried in the Church of Santa
Maria del Priorato, on the Aventine hill in Rome.
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