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John Heartfield

1891-1968

German Dadaist Monteur

 



John Heartfield (19 June 1891, Berlin – 26 April 1968, East Berlin) is the anglicized name of the German photomontage artist Helmut Herzfeld. He chose to call himself Heartfield in 1916, to criticize the rabid nationalism and anti-British sentiment prevalent in Germany during World War I.

In 1918 Heartfield began at the Berlin Dada scene, and the Communist Party of Germany. He was dismissed from the Reichswehr film service on account of his support for the strike that followed the assassination of Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg. With George Grosz, he founded Die Pleite, a satirical magazine. After meeting Bertolt Brecht, who was to have an influence on his art, Heartfield developed photomontage into a form of political and artistic representation. He worked for two communist publications: the daily Die Rote Fahne and the weekly Arbeiter-Illustrierte-Zeitung (AIZ), the latter of which published the works for which Heartfield is best remembered.

In 1933, after the National Socialists came to power in Germany, Heartfield relocated to Czechoslovakia, where he continued his photomontage work for the AIZ (which was published in exile); in 1938, fearing a German takeover of his host country, he left for England, living in Hampstead. He settled in East Germany and Berlin after World War II, in 1954, and worked closely with theater directors such as Benno Besson and Wolfgang Langhoff at Berliner Ensemble and Deutsches Theater.

In 1967 he visited Britain and began preparing a retrospective exhibition of his work, "photomontages", which was subsequently completed by his widow Gertrude and the Deutsche Akademie der Künste, and shown at the ICA in London in 1969.

In 2005, Tate Britain held an exhibition of his photomontage pieces.


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John Heartfield
Strongly critical of the Weimar Republic and Nazi Germany, the art of political
photomontage artist John Heartfield was banned there throughout Hitler's Third ...

Cut And Paste: John Heartfield
Of the Berlin group, John Heartfield remains the best known and revered as a result
of his single-minded devotion to anti-Nazi political activism. ...

John Heartfield
John Heartfield, Anti-fascist images from German artist who clearly portrayed
the character and intentions of the Nazis starting in the 1920s. ...

John Heartfield
John Heartfield, ... A pacifist and Marxist, Herzfelde, changed his name to John
Heartfield in 1916 in protest against German nationalism. ...

John Heartfield 1891 - 1968
Photos as weapons. John Heartfield exhibition: Barbican Art Gallery, London.
August 13 - October 18: Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin ...

Biographie: John Heartfield, 1891-1968 - [ Translate this page ]
John Heartfield. ... 1916 Herzfelde gründet mit seinem Bruder Wieland Herzfelde den
Verlag "Neue Jugend" und nennt sich fortan John Heartfield. ...

John Heartfield Online
John Heartfield [German Dadaist Engraver, 1891-1968] Guide to pictures of works
by John Heartfield in art museum sites and image archives worldwide. ...

John Heartfield
John Heartfield images and biography Click Here. Mark Harden's Artchive,
The Artchive needs EVERYONE to help! If you enjoy this site ...

John Heartfield el'ascesa del nazionalsocialismo - [ Translate this page ]
... tedesco. Viaggio nella Repubblica di Weimar del nazionalsocialismo, atraverso
le aggressive opere di John Heartfield (Helmut Herzfeld). ...

George Eastman House John Heartfield Series
John Heartfield. George Eastman House Still Photograph Archive 23 Selected Images
Thumbnail Table Page 1 of 2. Go to: Home Index Next Last Checklists ...


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