Virtual Museum of Art | Virtual Museum of History | Virtual Public Library | Virtual Science Center | Virtual Museum of Natural History | Virtual War Museum
   You are in: Museum of Art >> Hall of Art Movements >> French Impressionists





American’s Four United Republics: Discovery-Based Curriculum

For More Information go to America's Four United Republics Curriculum


 


French Impressionists

France 1860's to 1880's

french impressionists - History - A Stan Klos Website

By Neal McLaughlin


" ARTISTS UPRISING LEADS TO NEW MOVEMENT!" This headline, although based on true events, is merely a "what could have been" in the mind of this writer.

However, this headline would have been an accurate depiction when a small group of French Impressionists banded together and started what some critics dubbed as the second French Revolution.

By the mid-Nineteenth-Century the conventional theories and practice of art had been tested by the invention of the first camera that had become a popular means of capturing black and white images of subject matters instantaneously.

Even though many Impressionists owned their own shares of the radical new invention, they in fact despised the camera and its capabilities and set out to invent and perfect a technique that would put the black and white photos to shame.

The Impressionists had decided that they would focus on creating paintings by achieving a subjective or impression of their subject, which was something the camera, was not able to produce. To further fan the fires of despise, they decided to use unblended colors and instead of focusing on the light source, were more interested in the effects that light had on their subjects.

Almost immediately the Impressionists, while searching for their new techniques, had begun to fracture many of the established academic rules of art and at the same time created an enemy of both the art critics and patrons alike.

The animosity and wrath that they had created was actually a wall that blocked them from showing and selling their works. The French Impressionists were actually the world's first group of starving artists.

Their use of palette knives, thick bristled brushes and paints straight from the newly invented metal tubes had violated the strict standards set forth by the Louvres Grand Salon.

Regardless of the rejection by the Salon's jury, these "Refuses," so named because of this rejection, organized 8 independent showings between 1874 and 1886. It is suffice to say that these exhibitions were neither accepted nor attended by the masses that could have funded their livelihood.

This rebellion, which would later include as many as twenty-four world known artists, was actually started by the Claude Monet (1840-1926) painting unfortunately entitled "Impression, Sunrise."

The painting, which was done with out regards to the established rules of that period, is a beautiful depiction of Monet's perception of the sunrise. The fact that he painted this in his own style infuriated the art critics so immensely that they used the word "Impression" in such a way that it took on a negative connotation.

Monet stood steadfast in his convictions that art should capture the personal moments rather than to be concerned with perfection. He would not be the only artist of his time to hold these beliefs.

Not long after his showing the "Impression, Sunrise," his new philosophy and style was picked up by fellow artists Camille Pissarro (1830-1903), Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841-1919), Edgar Degas (1834-1917) and American artist Mary Cassatt (1844-1926).

Together, with other artists and sculptors such as Paul Cezanne (1839-1906), Edouard Manet (1832-1883) and James Tissot (1836-1902) the French Impressionists would boldly move forward. This was truly a movement that had regarded starving less important than their freedom to pursue their artistic beliefs.

United, this camp of French Impressionists would reside in the small French village of Montmarte, alienated as radicals because of their departure from the traditional European art philosophies and techniques.

Here they would encourage one another to continue to develop their new, revolutionary ideas and techniques while enduring ridicule and the never-ending barrage of personal insults.

They would be persistent in maintaining their own ideas and style and would continue to refuse to adhere to the artistic rules and regulations established by the state sponsored Academie des Beau-Arts.

In essence, by refusing to play by the "rules" they were actually wielding the knife with which to slit their own throats. During this period of art history, Paris was considered to be the hub of the art world. And any artists who had dreamed of success and recognition were encouraged to abide by the policy in order to be accepted by the Salon.

Once accepted by the Salon, the largest and most influential art exhibition in Europe, one was certainly guaranteed future success and recognition. To the artists who adhered to the often strict guidelines established by the academies the rewards were often and most impressive.

The fact that the French Impressionists could care less about the "traditional" ideas so annoyed the Salon that their judges considered the works of the Impressionists to be " highly unsuitable for the public...the result of mental derangement."

So irate was art critic Louis Leroy he summed up the apparent feelings of critics and patrons in a neat little package when he cited that the Impressionist's works are..."hostile to good artistic manner, to devotion to form and respect for the masters."

Why would the new philosophies and style of a small group of artisans be perceived so badly that it would create enough hostility that would cause an art critic to nearly blow a heart valve?

It appears that the biggest thorn in the paws of these critics and patrons resided in the attitude of the artists themselves. The art critics and patrons could not or would not accept the Impressionists beliefs that art should be associated with the real world and a reflection of modern life.
By today's standards this seems to be a logical approach to the art scene.

However, during this period of European art history it was strictly taboo to break precedent by portraying any scenes that were not in some way connected with the bible, historical or mythological subjects.

So the fact that Henri Fantin-Latour (1836-1904), Berthe Morisot (1841-1895) and Frederic Bazille (1841-1870) and the other Impressionists focused more on entertainment and leisure themes really irked those who remain devoted to the Salon.

Instead of the accepted religious, historical or mythological themes, the French Impressionists painted seascapes, picnics in the park, regattas and theater activities.

In addition to these "radical" subject matters and their modern philosophies, the Impressionists were convinced that there had never been a European artist who was successful in painting light. With this notion they began to experiment with how best to express the effects of light so that it appeared to be real when done on their canvas.

By combining the effects that light had on their interpretation of the world as it existed they felt that they would truly describe their painted subjects. In order to capture the light and its effects during various parts of the day the Impressionists had worked outdoors as close to their subject as possible.

This, too, was actually a breach of the traditional habits, as most other artists would spend just enough time outside to make a thumbnail sketch and then retire to their studio to complete the actual painting.

Thanks to the invention of the aforementioned metal paint tubes and the portable easel, the Impressionists were able to spend more time outdoors capturing the quickly changing effects of light.

This new habit only created more animosity among the critics and peers who remained loyal to the Salon. The Impressionists not only struggled to overcome the stigmatism of the spiteful critics, they also had to endure the hostile public, who most assuredly were affected by the negative publicity of the critics and thus, refused to purchase their paintings.

Just when it seemed that the French Impressionists were an isolated group doom to failure they found an advocate to help them in their cause. Paul Durand-Ruel, gallery owner and art connoisseur, recognized the greatness of the Impressionists and in 1870 he began to buy and sell many of the completed paintings.

Mr. Durand-Ruel's involvement may have indeed been the pivotal role in changing the views of the French art patrons. During the 1880's and 1890's as American began to buy the paintings of many Impressionists there was an unforeseen change in the attitudes of those who had once truly hated Impressionism.

No longer were the Impressionists regarded as deranged or revolutionists. Their works had become a breath of fresh air and soon these French Impressionists were experiencing success and recognition that for so long had been way out of their grasps.

These highly regarded artisans, once considered a bad seed with nothing to offer, were now attributed with having had a positive impact on the art scene.
Their new ideas and techniques demonstrated the world in a bold, brightly colored subject that showed the true effects of natural light. So popular was this "freshness" that many other artists adopted the new theories and it began to be seen throughout the world.

Through sheer determination, perseverance and dedication to their new philosophies the original group of starving artists climbed from the pits of nothingness to have an immense impact on art history forever.

 

Research Links

WebMuseum: Impressionism

... Impressionism, French Impressionnisme , a major movement, first in painting and later ... Impressionist painting comprises the work produced between about 1867 and ...

The French Impressionists

... Filmed in high definition, THE FRENCH IMPRESSIONISTS uses the current standard for television's highest visual quality to showcase the glorious color and ...

French Impressionist Painting

French Impressionist Painting. French Impressionist painting is currently the most popular of all European bodies of art. Part of ...

Xinhua - English

... Masterpieces of French impressionists on show in Shanghai. www.chinaview.cn 2004-12-03 16:48:12. SHANGHAI, Dec. 3 (Xinhuanet) -- Fifty ...

French Impressionists from art museums and imperial palaces of St. ...

-exclusive collection of masterpieces from palaces and museums of St.Petersburg, Russia, French Impressionists. [ Home Page ]. [ Up ...

French Impressionists

You are in: Museum of Art >> Hall of Art Movements >> French Impressionists. French Impressionists. France 1860's to 1880's. ...

French Impressionists

... French Impressionists. All the French Impressionists information you need to know is right here. ... Recommended French Impressionists Site: ...

Renoir (1841 -1919) - French Impressionist

Renoir, a great French Impressionist painter is said to have painted about 6000 pictures during his almost 60 years of active life as an artist including the ...

Artist Profile: Berthe Morisot, French Impressionist Painter, 19th ...

... on the Impressionists; he painted landscapes which were full of light, and compared to the highly refined studio work of the official French Academy of the time ...

Art History Quiz: Know Your French Impressionists

... Quiz: Know Your French Impressionists. 8 Artists, 20 Questions. As a group they changed Art forever, but who were the French Impressionists as individuals? ...

French Impressionists - Cambridge University Press

Home > Catalogue > French Impressionists. French Impressionists. Jane Munro, Photographs by Andrew Norman, Andrew Morris; Published ... Similar pages

The Impressionists

Click here for information on the Biography special The Impressionists on A&E, learn more about the artists who took part in the revolutionary Impressionists movement ...

Jean-Yves Thibaudet: Champion of the French Impressionists

... BUY THE CD, He is known as the Champion of the French Impressionists, and not without reason. He is after all French and he has played ...

People's Daily Online -- Masterpieces of French impressionists on ...

Masterpieces of French impressionists on display in Shanghai. An exhibition of 51 masterpieces by 12 French impressionist painters ...

:::::DARLA.COM v3.0....search our catalog:::::

... 2: Learning: Early Recordings 3. COMES WITH A SMILE Issue #16 4. XIU XIU Fleshettes 5. MANUAL & SYNTAKS Golden Sun 6. FRENCH IMPRESSIONISTS, THE A Selection of

French Impressionism in New Orleans, Louisiana

... Even though historians tend to group Degas in with the French Impressionists, such as Monet and Renior, did not techinically paint in the Impressionist style. ...

Masterpieces of French impressionists on show in Shanghai

Life / Arts & Heritage, Print this Article. Masterpieces of French impressionists on show in Shanghai. Last Updated(Beijing Time):2004-12-04 11:03. ...

Listmania! "Fringe" French Impressionists: The 19th Century B ...

Listmania! "Fringe" French Impressionists: The 19th Century B-Listers by historybooklady, a French art history fan. 1. Frederic Bazille ...

NJN - New Jersey Public Television and Radio

... Explore Topics. The French Impressionists. With Impressionism ...

France - detailed map for travel. French impressionist painters. ...

One could hardly visit Paris without viewing the work of the French impressionist painters, whose innovative take on the City of Light left an indelible mark ...

painting -- Britannica Student Encyclopedia

... The French Impressionists. From ... Goya and Daumier, The French Impressionists, 19th-Century United States Painters. To cite this page: MLA ...

French Impressionist Painting Exhibition Attracts in Beijing ...

... which is part of the French Culture Year in China, is being held by the China Art Gallery in Beijing, with 51 famous works of French impressionists on display. ...

Encore Editions - French Impressionist Painters II - Claude Monet ...

... Telephone: (215) 489-1532. Fax: (215) 489-1537. editions@comcast.net. The French Impressionists. Claude Monet - Page 2. BPC Encore Editions. Painting Reproductions ...

French Impressionist works to be on show

Advanced Search. Living china>Guangzhou>Entertainment. French Impressionist works to be on show (CRIENGLISH.com) Updated: 2004-09-15 14:41. ...

Impressionist artists: Monet, Renoir, Pissarro, Sisley, Cezanne ...

... studied with the French landscape painter Camille Corot. At first associated with the Barbizon School, Pissarro subsequently joined the Impressionists and was ...

'A Selection Of French Impressionist Paintings,' Fine Art ...

... This catalogue recalls ""the shared dreams of the Impressionists to modernize French painting."" Art by Pissarro Cezanne Monet Sisley van Gogh Manet Seurat ...

Royoung Bookseller: French Impressionists in the Louvre. by Bazin ...

... Title: French Impressionists in the Louvre. Author: Bazin, Germaine. Description: NY: Abrams, 1958. 1st American edition. 320 pp. Item # 1866 $15.00 Buy Now. ...

QIANLONG.COM--Beijing Portal--French impressionist works come to ...

Beijing Portal >> Focus. French impressionist works come to Beijing. Beijing Portal 2004-10-09 15:17:21. Yuan Yunsheng, the professor ...

An American Tradition: The Pennsylvania Impressionists

... Audiences who know and love the French Impressionists, but who are relatively unaware of the movement that was particular to Pennsylvania, will find this ...
 

 



 


Start your search on French Impressionists.


America's Four United Republics Exhibit - Click Here


Unauthorized Site: This site and its contents are not affiliated, connected, associated with or authorized by the individual, family, friends, or trademarked entities utilizing any part or the subject's entire name. Any official or affiliated sites that are related to this subject will be hyper linked below upon submission and Evisum, Inc. review.

Research Links

  • Artcyclopedia
  • Web Gallery of Art
  • Web Museum   

    Copyright© 2000 by Evisum Inc.TM. All rights reserved.
    Evisum Inc.TM Privacy Policy

  • Search:

    About Us

     

     

    Image Use

    Please join us in our mission to incorporate America's Four United Republics discovery-based curriculum into the classroom of every primary and secondary school in the United States of America by July 2, 2026, the nation’s 250th birthday. , the United States of America: We The People Click Here

     

    Childhood & Family

    Click Here

     

    Historic Documents

    Articles of Association

    Articles of Confederation 1775

    Articles of Confederation

    Article the First

    Coin Act

    Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence

    Emancipation Proclamation

    Gettysburg Address

    Monroe Doctrine

    Northwest Ordinance

    No Taxation Without Representation

    Thanksgiving Proclamations

    Mayflower Compact

    Treaty of Paris 1763

    Treaty of Paris 1783

    Treaty of Versailles

    United Nations Charter

    United States In Congress Assembled

    US Bill of Rights

    United States Constitution

    US Continental Congress

    US Constitution of 1777

    US Constitution of 1787

    Virginia Declaration of Rights

     

    Historic Events

    Battle of New Orleans

    Battle of Yorktown

    Cabinet Room

    Civil Rights Movement

    Federalist Papers

    Fort Duquesne

    Fort Necessity

    Fort Pitt

    French and Indian War

    Jumonville Glen

    Manhattan Project

    Stamp Act Congress

    Underground Railroad

    US Hospitality

    US Presidency

    Vietnam War

    War of 1812

    West Virginia Statehood

    Woman Suffrage

    World War I

    World War II

     

    Is it Real?



    Declaration of
    Independence

    Digital Authentication
    Click Here

     

    America’s Four Republics
    The More or Less United States

     
    Continental Congress
    U.C. Presidents

    Peyton Randolph

    Henry Middleton

    Peyton Randolph

    John Hancock

      

    Continental Congress
    U.S. Presidents

    John Hancock

    Henry Laurens

    John Jay

    Samuel Huntington

      

    Constitution of 1777
    U.S. Presidents

    Samuel Huntington

    Samuel Johnston
    Elected but declined the office

    Thomas McKean

    John Hanson

    Elias Boudinot

    Thomas Mifflin

    Richard Henry Lee

    John Hancock
    [
    Chairman David Ramsay]

    Nathaniel Gorham

    Arthur St. Clair

    Cyrus Griffin

      

    Constitution of 1787
    U.S. Presidents

    George Washington 

    John Adams
    Federalist Party


    Thomas Jefferson
    Republican* Party

    James Madison 
    Republican* Party

    James Monroe
    Republican* Party

    John Quincy Adams
    Republican* Party
    Whig Party

    Andrew Jackson
    Republican* Party
    Democratic Party


    Martin Van Buren
    Democratic Party

    William H. Harrison
    Whig Party

    John Tyler
    Whig Party

    James K. Polk
    Democratic Party

    David Atchison**
    Democratic Party

    Zachary Taylor
    Whig Party

    Millard Fillmore
    Whig Party

    Franklin Pierce
    Democratic Party

    James Buchanan
    Democratic Party


    Abraham Lincoln 
    Republican Party

    Jefferson Davis***
    Democratic Party

    Andrew Johnson
    Republican Party

    Ulysses S. Grant 
    Republican Party

    Rutherford B. Hayes
    Republican Party

    James A. Garfield
    Republican Party

    Chester Arthur 
    Republican Party

    Grover Cleveland
    Democratic Party

    Benjamin Harrison
    Republican Party

    Grover Cleveland 
    Democratic Party

    William McKinley
    Republican Party

    Theodore Roosevelt
    Republican Party

    William H. Taft 
    Republican Party

    Woodrow Wilson
    Democratic Party

    Warren G. Harding 
    Republican Party

    Calvin Coolidge
    Republican Party

    Herbert C. Hoover
    Republican Party

    Franklin D. Roosevelt
    Democratic Party

    Harry S. Truman
    Democratic Party

    Dwight D. Eisenhower
    Republican Party

    John F. Kennedy
    Democratic Party

    Lyndon B. Johnson 
    Democratic Party 

    Richard M. Nixon 
    Republican Party

    Gerald R. Ford 
    Republican Party

    James Earl Carter, Jr. 
    Democratic Party

    Ronald Wilson Reagan 
    Republican Party

    George H. W. Bush
    Republican Party 

    William Jefferson Clinton
    Democratic Party

    George W. Bush 
    Republican Party

    Barack H. Obama
    Democratic Party

    Please Visit

    Forgotten Founders
    Norwich, CT

    Annapolis Continental
    Congress Society


    U.S. Presidency
    & Hospitality

    © Stan Klos

     

     

     

     


    Virtual Museum of Art | Virtual Museum of History | Virtual Public Library | Virtual Science Center | Virtual Museum of Natural History | Virtual War Museum