Virtual Museum of Art | Virtual Museum of History | Virtual Public Library | Virtual Science Center | Virtual Museum of Natural History | Virtual War Museum
   You are in: Museum of Art >> Hall of Art Movements >> Early Renaissance





American’s Four United Republics: Discovery-Based Curriculum

For More Information go to America's Four United Republics Curriculum


 


Early Renaissance

Centered in 15th Century Italy

The Early Renaissance Art - A Stan Klos Web Site

By Neal McLaughlin



Life in Europe during the last half of the Middle Ages and the Early Renaissance was a difficult, life-altering experience for most of the European populous. While the nobles of the Middle Ages lived in the country offering protection for their king, the peasants, in return for protection from the nobles and a small plot of land, toiled from sunrise to sunset in the fields owned by the land gentries.

Other than the small parcel of land given to them by the nobles for whom they worked, there was little in the way of personal possessions and luxuries for the hard-working peasants. The small group of European middle-class people, whom by comparison to the peasants: were much better off, even led a lifestyle that was much easier than the rural aristocrats!

The individuals of the middle-class society were blessed with the freedom to choose and pursue any field of endeavor they desired. As the threat of attacks by barbarians began to diminish many people left the country to head into the cities and towns where they would be able to pursue a more lucrative avenue to success.

However, many of these highly-spirited and energetic Europeans would never have the opportunity to taste sweet success and all of her riches, as over half of the European population would be decimated by the ravaging "Black Death" that fell upon the heavily occupied cities and towns.

Those of wealth, who were fortunate enough to escape the clutches of the bubonic plague quickly packed bag and baggage and bee -lined for the surrounding the country sides where there were far less people and the risk of exposure to the plague was significantly decreased.

The destruction left in the wake of the plague, however, had so brutally destroyed the financial standing that Europe found itself in a debilitating economic depression. By the late 15th Century, as the report of plague infections began to decrease, the cities and towns once again sprang to life as people began to return from the safety of the countryside to once again follow their rainbows to the pot of riches.

Along with those who had desperately fled only months before, a new group of middle-class people also headed to the cities to explore their options and to find a path to wealth and security.

Towards the end of the Middle Ages and before the rise of the Modern World, the European art communities had experienced a "rebirth" of the Classical Greco-Roman principles and techniques. This Early Renaissance, mainly an Italian movement, was actually a bridge spanning the gap between the Middle Ages and the High Renaissance that became popular around fifteen hundred.

During the opening years of the 15th Century many of the European people had truly believed that they were living life in a new age. Considering the devastation left in the wake of the "Black Death" it is not at all surprising that these people felt as if they were actually experiencing the rebirth from the Dark Age.

In Italy, mainly Florence, the Renaissance was stimulated by the revival of the antiquated Classical Greek and Roman learning and values. Great works of literature, once thought lost to the West forever had been rediscovered and with this finding; a newer, humanistic outlook positioned man and human achievements at the center of all worldly issues.

Inspired by the ancient Greek and Roman classical ideas and principles, the Renaissance Artists devoted themselves to creating both paintings and sculptures that represented their personal observations of the natural world by gaining a more thorough understanding of physical anatomy and linear perspective.

The Renaissance Artists were convinced that through the study of the intellectual and artistic artifacts of the Greco-Roman period, they would be able to achieve artistic greatness, a higher degree of wisdom and total enlightenment. By gaining a better understanding of the use of mathematical principles, these artists held the conviction that they would be able to illustrate the New World in a more accurate and precise detail.

One major development born out of this rediscovery pertained to how the artist portrayed their subject matter. Prior to the study of the Greco-Roman principles, most artists depicted their subject matter as they had seen them through their own eyes. During the Renaissance, however, these humanists focused on the human perspective where the viewer assumed an active role; as they became the points of reference.

This change in technique created a more realistic illusion of space as well as creating an over-all feeling of depth through the use of one-point perspective. These newly founded studied and practiced principles radically changed the art of painting.

By the early 1500's Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519), Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510) and Titian (1485-1576) along with many of their peers had been instrumental in establishing Florence as the Capital of Renaissance Art.

The Renaissance artists, armed with their newfound techniques utilized harmonious proportions, realistic expressions and rational postures in their subject matter. Spiritual paintings began to reflect the borrowed themes, which included both Roman history and Mythology and their Christian oriented themes took on a more classical, humanized premise.

While painters Masaccio (1401-1428) and Paolo Uccello (1397-1475) enlighten the world with their renderings, Italian writers Francesco Petrarch (1304-1374) and Giovanni Boccacio (1313-1375), French author Francois Rabelais (1490-1553) and William Shakespeare (1564-1616) in England produced literary works that emphasized the particulars of the human character.

Architect Filippo Brunelleschi (1377-1446) resurrected the Classical Architecture and employed his engineering mastermind to design the mammoth dome manufactured for the Cathedral of Florence in addition to inventing the one-point perspective; a technique where all of the lines converge to a single point in the distance. (AKA the vanishing point).

Donatello (1386-1466), who often traveled with Brunelleschi, had undertaken the challenge of carving some of the first large-scale, freestanding statues; the first since those that had been created by the earlier, Classical Greco-Roman movement.

As we have seen, the Early Renaissance period was a highly charged, creative time when Italian artisans had successfully revived the antiquated, Classical Greek-Roman styles and principles. Many other artists had taken this opportunity to break away from the rigid restrictions imposed by the Byzantine Movement.

During this same time of revival and development, Germany was experiencing the advancement of the Gothic Art movement while the artists of the Netherlands were engaged in the Northern Renaissance.

Art movements are very similar to the children that we raise. Following the birth, or in this case a rebirth, we proud parents nurture our babies with love and unconditional support. We instill positive values and ethics, eliminate ideas and principles that may be outdated or inappropriate for our cause.

We guide our children into new, constructive directions and give them a little nudge every now and again in order for our creations to go as far as possible. Then at just the right time we let loose of our child's hand and watch with pride as they soar onto better worlds.

By the year 1500, the Early Renaissance was at full growth. Every artisan who had become involved in the rearing of the Early Renaissance had made many critical sacrifices while giving all that they had until there was nothing else to be received by the movement. The Early Renaissance had reached maturity and in doing so was responsible for the birth of a newer movement affectionately named the High Renaissance.
 

Research Links

 

ART HISTORY RESOURCES: Part 8 15th-Century Renaissance Art

... Greece; Ancient Rome; Art in Early Europe; Art of the Middle Ages; 15th-CENTURY RENAISSANCE ART; 16th-Century Renaissance Art; Baroque Art; ...

The Early Renaissance: Artists and their Works - [ Translate this page ]

... there was a parallel advancement of Gothic Art centered in Germany and the Netherlands, known as the Northern Renaissance. The Early Renaissance was succeeded ...

Early Renaissance

Early Renaissance Art. links to web sites Florence Art Guide Florence - Duomo - The Cathedral Uffizi Gallery, Florence Giotto Scrovegni ...

NGA - Italian Painting 15th century

... All over Europe, the late middle ages favored a ... 15th-Century Florence Venetian Painting in the Early Renaissance: ... 2004 National Gallery of Art, Washington DC.

Art History 101 - Early Renaissance Art

... Art History 101 - Early Renaissance Art. Your Guide, Shelley Esaak, From Shelley Esaak, Your Guide to Art History. FREE Newsletter. Sign Up Now! ...

ArtLex on the Earlier Renaissance Art

... Horse, profile view, 1435-1445, Venetian Renaissance, pen, brown ... x 31.4 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY ... Last Communion of Saint Jerome, early 1490s, tempera

WebMuseum: La Renaissance: Italy

... retrace the creative process rather than to merely imitate the final achievements of antiquity, Early Renaissance artists sought to create art forms consistent ...

Early Renaissance - Art History of Early Renaissance

... Early Renaissance, mostly in Italy, bridges the art period during the fifteenth century, between the Middle Ages and the High Renaissance in Italy. ...

E-Ren: Pictures

... Florence. The Signory (77k) Photograph. Florence. Illustration of death(128k) From a Book of Hours, early 15th century. Trial of St. ...

Mark Harden's Artchive: "Renaissance"

... and reached its culmination in the early 16th century ... concept enshrined in the word 'Renaissance' is actually ... discredited, argument that the Middle Ages was a ...

Mythology and ideology in Italian Renaissance art

... Botticelli's work presages the way that Renaissance art in Italy was to ... The Primavera, however, dates from the early Renaissance, and cleverly reduces one of ...

Yahoo! Directory: Art History > Renaissance

... Artcyclopedia: The Early Renaissance - offers an overview of the Italian 15th century art movement and a chronological listing of associated artists. ...

ARHA221 - Early Renaissance Art in Italy

... Course Search by CID ] Academic Year 2004/2005. Early Renaissance Art in Italy ARHA 221 FA. Crosslistings: MDST 222. This course will ...

Renaissance Art - Artists, Artworks and Biographies

... They focused on the laws of proportion for architecture, the human body, and space. The term Early Renaissance encompasses most 15th century art. ...

Betty Hennessey, Rita Perry - Italian Renaissance Art: An ...

... After reviewing their art and/or biographies, write a short paragraph describing the ... Much of the painting of the early renaissance was done in fresco or egg ...

Art History 111 Imagebase

... Early Renaissance Art in Europe. To see a specific image, click on the title: Map of 15th Century Renaissance Europe Jan and Hubert van Eyck. Ghent Alterpiece. ...

 

 


Start your search on Early Renaissance.


America's Four United Republics Exhibit - Click Here


Unauthorized Site: This site and its contents are not affiliated, connected, associated with or authorized by the individual, family, friends, or trademarked entities utilizing any part or the subject's entire name. Any official or affiliated sites that are related to this subject will be hyper linked below upon submission and Evisum, Inc. review.

Research Links

  • Artcyclopedia
  • Web Gallery of Art
  • Web Museum   

    Copyright© 2000 by Evisum Inc.TM. All rights reserved.
    Evisum Inc.TM Privacy Policy

  • Search:

    About Us

     

     

    Image Use

    Please join us in our mission to incorporate America's Four United Republics discovery-based curriculum into the classroom of every primary and secondary school in the United States of America by July 2, 2026, the nation’s 250th birthday. , the United States of America: We The People Click Here

     

    Childhood & Family

    Click Here

     

    Historic Documents

    Articles of Association

    Articles of Confederation 1775

    Articles of Confederation

    Article the First

    Coin Act

    Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence

    Emancipation Proclamation

    Gettysburg Address

    Monroe Doctrine

    Northwest Ordinance

    No Taxation Without Representation

    Thanksgiving Proclamations

    Mayflower Compact

    Treaty of Paris 1763

    Treaty of Paris 1783

    Treaty of Versailles

    United Nations Charter

    United States In Congress Assembled

    US Bill of Rights

    United States Constitution

    US Continental Congress

    US Constitution of 1777

    US Constitution of 1787

    Virginia Declaration of Rights

     

    Historic Events

    Battle of New Orleans

    Battle of Yorktown

    Cabinet Room

    Civil Rights Movement

    Federalist Papers

    Fort Duquesne

    Fort Necessity

    Fort Pitt

    French and Indian War

    Jumonville Glen

    Manhattan Project

    Stamp Act Congress

    Underground Railroad

    US Hospitality

    US Presidency

    Vietnam War

    War of 1812

    West Virginia Statehood

    Woman Suffrage

    World War I

    World War II

     

    Is it Real?



    Declaration of
    Independence

    Digital Authentication
    Click Here

     

    America’s Four Republics
    The More or Less United States

     
    Continental Congress
    U.C. Presidents

    Peyton Randolph

    Henry Middleton

    Peyton Randolph

    John Hancock

      

    Continental Congress
    U.S. Presidents

    John Hancock

    Henry Laurens

    John Jay

    Samuel Huntington

      

    Constitution of 1777
    U.S. Presidents

    Samuel Huntington

    Samuel Johnston
    Elected but declined the office

    Thomas McKean

    John Hanson

    Elias Boudinot

    Thomas Mifflin

    Richard Henry Lee

    John Hancock
    [
    Chairman David Ramsay]

    Nathaniel Gorham

    Arthur St. Clair

    Cyrus Griffin

      

    Constitution of 1787
    U.S. Presidents

    George Washington 

    John Adams
    Federalist Party


    Thomas Jefferson
    Republican* Party

    James Madison 
    Republican* Party

    James Monroe
    Republican* Party

    John Quincy Adams
    Republican* Party
    Whig Party

    Andrew Jackson
    Republican* Party
    Democratic Party


    Martin Van Buren
    Democratic Party

    William H. Harrison
    Whig Party

    John Tyler
    Whig Party

    James K. Polk
    Democratic Party

    David Atchison**
    Democratic Party

    Zachary Taylor
    Whig Party

    Millard Fillmore
    Whig Party

    Franklin Pierce
    Democratic Party

    James Buchanan
    Democratic Party


    Abraham Lincoln 
    Republican Party

    Jefferson Davis***
    Democratic Party

    Andrew Johnson
    Republican Party

    Ulysses S. Grant 
    Republican Party

    Rutherford B. Hayes
    Republican Party

    James A. Garfield
    Republican Party

    Chester Arthur 
    Republican Party

    Grover Cleveland
    Democratic Party

    Benjamin Harrison
    Republican Party

    Grover Cleveland 
    Democratic Party

    William McKinley
    Republican Party

    Theodore Roosevelt
    Republican Party

    William H. Taft 
    Republican Party

    Woodrow Wilson
    Democratic Party

    Warren G. Harding 
    Republican Party

    Calvin Coolidge
    Republican Party

    Herbert C. Hoover
    Republican Party

    Franklin D. Roosevelt
    Democratic Party

    Harry S. Truman
    Democratic Party

    Dwight D. Eisenhower
    Republican Party

    John F. Kennedy
    Democratic Party

    Lyndon B. Johnson 
    Democratic Party 

    Richard M. Nixon 
    Republican Party

    Gerald R. Ford 
    Republican Party

    James Earl Carter, Jr. 
    Democratic Party

    Ronald Wilson Reagan 
    Republican Party

    George H. W. Bush
    Republican Party 

    William Jefferson Clinton
    Democratic Party

    George W. Bush 
    Republican Party

    Barack H. Obama
    Democratic Party

    Please Visit

    Forgotten Founders
    Norwich, CT

    Annapolis Continental
    Congress Society


    U.S. Presidency
    & Hospitality

    © Stan Klos

     

     

     

     


    Virtual Museum of Art | Virtual Museum of History | Virtual Public Library | Virtual Science Center | Virtual Museum of Natural History | Virtual War Museum