Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com advises that these 19th Century
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ABBOTT, Josiah Gardner, lawyer, born in Chelmsford, Massachusetts, 1 November, 1815. He was prepared for college by Ralph Waldo Emerson, was graduated at Harvard in 1832, and admitted to the bar in 1835. Mr. Abbott served in the legislature in 1836-'7, became state senator in 1841, and from 1864 until 1888 was a delegate-at-large to every National Democratic convention, he was a judge of the superior court of Suffolk county, Massachusetts, in lS55-'8 removed to Boston, where he resumed his profession, and in 1874 was a Democratic candidate for congress. After successfully contesting the election of his opponent, he served from 28 July, 1876, till 3 March, 1877, but declined renomination, and restarted practice. In 1876 he was a member of the electoral commission. Williams gave him the degree of LL.D. in 1863.
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In this powerful, historic work, Stan Klos unfolds the complex 15-year U.S.
Founding period revealing, for the first time, four distinctly different United
American Republics. This is history on a splendid scale -- a book about the not
quite unified American Colonies and States that would eventually form a fourth
republic, with only 11 states, the United States of America: We The