Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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ABERCROMBIE, James, British soldier, born in Scotland in 1706; died 28 April, 1781. He was descended from a wealthy family, entered the army, and reached the grade of colonel in 1746, of major general in 1756, of lieutenant general in 1759, and of general in 1772. He commanded the British forces in America after the departure of Loudoun in 1758, ordered the disastrous attack on Fort Ticonderoga, 8 July, 1758, and then retreated to his in trenched camp south of Lake George. Superseded in 1759 by Amherst, he returned to England and, as a member of parliament, supported the coercive policy toward the American colonies. His son James died in Boston, 24 June, 1775, of a wound received at Bunker Hill. He had served as aide-de-camp to General Amherst in 1759, and was promoted to the grade of lieutenant colonel in 1770. In the charge on Bunker Hill he led the grenadiers.
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