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Cabinet Room

Secretary of Agriculture: Dan Glickman
Secretary of Commerce: Norman Y. Mineta
Secretary of Defense: William Cohen
Secretary of Education: Richard Riley
Secretary of Energy: Bill Richardson
Secretary of Health and Human Services: Donna Shalala
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development: Andrew Cuomo
Secretary of Interior: Bruce Babbit
Attorney General: Janet Reno
Secretary of Labor: Alexis Herman
Secretary of State: Madeleine Albright
Secretary of Transportation: Rodney Slater
Secretary of Treasury: Lawrence H. Summers
Secretary of Veterans Affairs: Hershel W. Gober

Department of Agriculture
14th St. and Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC 20250

Department of Commerce
14th St. and Constitution Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20230

Department of Defense
The Pentagon
Washington, DC 20301

Department of Education
400 Maryland Ave., SW
Washington, DC 20202

Department of Energy
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC 20585

Department of Health and Human Services
200 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC 20201

Department of Housing and Urban Development
451 7th St., SW
Washington, DC 20410

Department of the Interior
1849 C St., NW
Washington, DC 20240

Department of Justice
950 Pennsylvania Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20530

Department of Labor
200 Constitution Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20210

Department of State
2201 C St., NW
Washington, DC 20520

Department of Transportation
400 7th St., SW
Washington, DC 20590

Department of the Treasury
1500 Pennsylvania Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20220

Department of Veteran's Affairs
810 Vermont Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20420


The White House
An American Treasure
Text from by: whitehouse.gove

Photographs from the 200th Anniversary Kickoff Celebration

For two hundred years, the White House has stood as a symbol of the Presidency, the United States government, and the American people. Its history, and the history of the nation’s capital, began when President George Washington signed an Act of Congress in December of 1790 declaring that the federal government would reside in a district "not exceeding ten miles square…on the river Potomac." President Washington, together with city planner Pierre L’Enfant, chose the site for the new residence, which is now 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. As preparations began for the new federal city, a competition was held to find a builder of the "President’s House." Nine proposals were submitted, and Irish-born architect James Hoban won a gold medal for his practical and handsome design.

Construction began when the first cornerstone was laid in October of 1792. Although President Washington oversaw the construction of the house, he never lived in it. It was not until 1800, when the White House was nearly completed, that its first residents, President John Adams and his wife, Abigail, moved in. Since that time, each President has made his own changes and additions. The White House is, after all, the President’s private home. It is also the only private residence of a head of state that is open to the public, free of charge.

The White House has a unique and fascinating history. It survived a fire at the hands of the British in 1814 (during the war of 1812) and another fire in the West Wing in 1929, while Herbert Hoover was President. Throughout much of Harry S. Truman’s presidency, the interior of the house, with the exception of the third floor, was completely gutted and renovated while the Truman's lived at Blair House, right across Pennsylvania Avenue. Nonetheless, the exterior stone walls are those first put in place when the White House was constructed two centuries ago.

Presidents can express their individual style in how they decorate some parts of the house and in how they receive the public during their stay. Thomas Jefferson held the first Inaugural open house in 1805. Many of those who attended the swearing-in ceremony at the U.S. Capitol simply followed him home, where he greeted them in the Blue Room. President Jefferson also opened the house for public tours, and it has remained open, except during wartime, ever since. In addition, he welcomed visitors to annual receptions on New Year’s Day and on the Fourth of July. In 1829, a horde of 20,000 Inaugural callers forced President Andrew Jackson to flee to the safety of a hotel while, on the lawn, aides filled washtubs with orange juice and whiskey to lure the mob out of the mud-tracked White House.

After Abraham Lincoln’s presidency, Inaugural crowds became far too large for the White House to accommodate them comfortably. However, not until Grover Cleveland’s first presidency did this unsafe practice change. He held a presidential review of the troops from a flag-draped grandstand built in front of the White House. This procession evolved into the official Inaugural parade we know today. Receptions on New Year’s Day and the Fourth of July continued to be held until the early 1930s.

President Clinton’s open house on January 21, 1993 renewed a venerable White House Inaugural tradition. Two thousand citizens, selected by lottery, were greeted in the Diplomatic Reception Room by President and Mrs. Clinton and Vice President and Mrs. Gore.



The West Wing - This new TV Show averages over a 11 million viewers each week but what is the west wing?

The West Wing is where the President works and where executive offices are located.  This wing  was constructed by Teddy Roosevelt to meet the housing needs of his rather large family which required the entire second floor for their living quarters. In 1909, William Taft added an Oval Office to the West Wing.  FDR had the West Wing enlarged and relocated the Oval Office  within the wing in 1934. 

In 1948, it was determined that the White House  in imminent danger of collapsing. Harry Truman moved across the street to the Blair House and the interior was gutted and   historic rooms were rebuilt as exact representations of the originals.

First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis launched a program to redesign the White House emphasizing American antiques and artwork.. She is primarily responsible for making the White House a living museum of American history.

Today over five million cyber tour the White House annually with over 1 million actual visitors.


Some White House Facts

  • There are 132 rooms, 32 bathrooms, and 6 levels to accommodate all the people who live in, work in, and visit the White House. There are also 412 doors, 147 windows, 28 fireplaces, 7 staircases, and 3 elevators.

  • At various times in history, the White House has been known as the "President's Palace," the "President's House," and the "Executive Mansion." President Theodore Roosevelt officially gave the White House its current name in 1901.

  • The White House receives approximately 6,000 visitors a day.

  • Presidential Firsts… President John Tyler (1841-1845) was the first President to have his photograph taken… President Theodore Roosevelt (1901-1909) was not only the first President to ride in an automobile, but also the first President to travel outside the country when he visited Panama… President Franklin Roosevelt (1933-1945) was the first President to ride in an airplane.

  • With five full-time chefs, the White House kitchen is able to serve dinner to as many as 140 guests and hors d'oeuvres to more than 1,000.

  • The White House requires 570 gallons of paint to cover its outside surface.

  • For recreation, the White House has a variety of facilities available to its residents, including a tennis court, a jogging track, swimming pool, movie theater, billiard room, and a bowling lane

  • 1824 -- South Portico completed, 1829 -- North Portico completed, 1833 -- Running water installed, 1848 -- Natural Gas lighting installed, 1853 -- Central plumbing installed, 1855 -- First kitchen stove, 1873 -- Major renovations, 1879 -- Telephone Service installed, 1881 -- Elevator installed, 1891 -- Electric Lighting installed,  1901 -- Conversion of 2nd floor offices, 1902 -- Roosevelt's Construction of the West Wing, 1909 -- Taft's Oval Office construction,. 1913 -- Creation of the Rose Garden, 1933 -- Swimming pool installed, 1934 -- Oval Office moved, and 1948-52 "Truman" renovation (total reconstruction of the structure)

White House Links:

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The First Ladies

The Presidents of the United States

White House Historical Association

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Historical Tour of the White House

The Cabinet Room is the meeting room for the cabinet secretaries and advisors serving the President of the United States. The body is defined as the United States Cabinet.

Cabinet Room

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


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The Cabinet Room in 2007, during the administration of George W. Bush.

The Cabinet Room during the administration of Harry S. Truman.

The Cabinet Room is the meeting room for the cabinet secretaries and advisors serving the President of the United States. The body is defined as the United States Cabinet. The Cabinet Room is located in the West Wing of the White House Complex, adjoining the Oval Office, and looks out upon the White House Rose Garden.

Though completed in 1934 the room is built in the Georgian style. The neoclassical ceiling molding with triglyphs was installed in 1934. A series of French doors topped with arched lunette windows are located on the east side of the room. A fireplace, flanked by two niches is located on the north side of the room. Busts of George Washington and Benjamin Franklin by Jean-Antoine Houdon fill the niches. Above the mantel hangs a painting titled "The Signing of the Declaration of Independence" by Charles Édouard Armand-Dumaresq, (French, 1826–1895). Additional portraits along the west wall are chosen by an incumbent president. The large elliptical mahogany table was a gift from President Richard Nixon in 1970. The president and the cabinet secretarys' chairs are copies of a late-eighteenth century design. The president's chair is centered on the table on the east side of the room. The back of the president's chair is two inches taller than the cabinet secretaries. Engraved brass plates with the names of the cabinet positions are attached to the back of the chairs. The president's simply says "THE PRESIDENT." The chairs are purchased by the cabinet members, and some cabinet members have had their chairs returned to the cabinet room for several positions and administrations.

In 2006 the room was refurbished somewhat similar to its appearance during the administration of Franklin Delano Roosevelt when the West Wing and current Cabinet Room were largely rebuilt following damages from a fire at the end of the Herbert Hoover administration. This includes Art Deco style wall sconces with spread eagles supporting internally lit globes. Three overhead Moderne style glass pendant lights were recreated from old photographs and a similar surviving example in a hallway between the Oval Office and Roosevelt Room. The room is painted an off-white color called deauville. A custom made carpet, in shades of carmine, old gold, sapphire and fern green with a pattern of overscaled stars and olive leaves was woven for the room.

The refurbishment of White House rooms is jointly undertaken by the Curator of the White House, the Committee for the Preservation of the White House, and White House Historical Association. Costs relating to construction are often funded by the White House Endowment Trust. The purchase of fine art, historic furniture, or the recreation of period decorative arts, is frequently paid for by the White House Acquisition Trust.


References and further reading

  • Abbott James A., and Elaine M. Rice. Designing Camelot: The Kennedy White House Restoration. Van Nostrand Reinhold: 1998. ISBN 0-442-02532-7.
  • Garrett, Wendell. Our Changing White House. Northeastern University Press: 1995. ISBN 1-55553-222-5.
  • Kloss. William, Doreen Bolger, David Park Curry, et al. Art in the White House, A Nation's Pride, White House Historical Association and Harry Abrams: 1992. ISBN 0-8109-3965-7.
  • Monkman, Betty C. The White House: The Historic Furnishing & First Families. Abbeville Press: 2000. ISBN 0-7892-0624-2.
  • Seale, William. The President's House. White House Historical Association and the National Geographic Society: 1986. ISBN 0-912308-28-1.
  • Seale, William, The White House: The History of an American Idea. White House Historical Association: 1992, 2001. ISBN 0-912308-85-0.
  • The White House: An Historic Guide. White House Historical Association and the National Geographic Society: 2006. ISBN 0-912308-79-6.


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