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Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy

(1929 - 1994)

First Lady from January 20, 1961 to November 22, 1963

Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis

 

In office
January 20, 1961 – November 22, 1963
Preceded by Mamie Eisenhower
Succeeded by Lady Bird Johnson

Born July 28, 1929
Southampton, New York
Died May 19, 1994 (aged 64)
New York City, New York
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) John F. Kennedy (1953–1963)
Aristotle Onassis (1968–1975)
Children Arabella, Caroline, John Jr. andPatrick Kennedy
Alma mater Vassar College - attended
Sorbonne- attended
The George Washington University (B.A.)
Occupation First Lady of the United States, Book Editor at Viking Press(1975-1977), Book editor atDoubleday (1978-1994)
Religion Roman Catholic
Signature

Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis (July 28, 1929 – May 19, 1994) was the wife of the 35th president of the United States, John F. Kennedy, and served as First Lady during his presidency from 1961 until his assassination in 1963. She was later married to Greek shipping magnate Aristotle Onassis from 1968 until his death in 1975. In later years she had a successful career as a book editor. She is remembered for her contributions to the arts and historic preservation, her style and elegance, and her public stoicism in the wake of President Kennedy's assassination.

Contents

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 Early life

Jacqueline Lee Bouvier was born in Southampton, New York to Wall Street stock broker John Vernou Bouvier III and Janet Norton Lee. Jacqueline had a younger sister, Caroline Lee, known as Lee, born in 1933. Her parents divorced in 1940 and her mother married Standard Oilheir Hugh D. Auchincloss, Jr. in 1942. Through Janet's second marriage, Jacqueline gained a half sister and a half brother, Janet and James Auchincloss.

On her mother's side, Jacqueline was of half Irish descent, and on her father's side, one-sixteenth French and English. Michael Bouvier, Jacqueline's great-great-grandfather and closest French ancestor, was a contemporary of Joseph Bonaparte and Stephen Girard. He was a Philadelphia-based cabinetmaker, merchant and real estate speculator.[citation needed]

She spent her early years in New York City and East Hampton, New York at the Bouvier family estate, "Lasata".[citation needed] Following their parents' divorce, Jacqueline and Lee divided their time between their mother's homes in McLean, Virginia and Newport, Rhode Island and their father's homes in New York City and Long Island.[1]

At a very early age she became an enthusiastic equestrienne,[2] and horse-riding would remain a lifelong passion. As a child, she also enjoyed drawing, reading and lacrosse.[citation needed]

 Education and young adulthood

Bouvier pursued her secondary education at the Holton-Arms School in Bethesda, Maryland (1942–1944) and Miss Porter's School in Farmington, Connecticut (1944–1947).[citation needed]

When she made her society debut in 1947, Hearst columnist Igor Cassini dubbed her Debutante of the Year.[3]

Bouvier spent her first two years of college at Vassar College in Poughkeepsie, New York, and spent her junior year (1949–1950) in France at the University of Grenoble and the Sorbonnein a program through Smith College.[4] Upon returning home to the United States, she transferred to George Washington University in Washington, D.C., graduating in 1951 with a bachelor of arts degree in French literature.[5] Bouvier's college graduation coincided with her sister's high school graduation, and the two spent the summer of 1951 on a trip through Europe.[6] This trip was the subject of Kennedy's only autobiographical book, One Special Summer, which is also the only one of her publications to feature her drawings.[7]

Following her graduation, Bouvier was hired as the Inquiring Photographer for The Washington Times-Herald. The position required her to pose witty questions to individuals chosen at random on the street and take their pictures to be published alongside selected quotations from their responses in the newspaper. During this time, she was engaged to a young stock broker, John Husted, for three months.[4]

 Kennedy marriage and family

Jacqueline Kennedy at Hammersmith Farm in Newport, Rhode Island on the day of her wedding in 1953.

Jacqueline and then-Senator John Kennedy belonged to the same social circle and often attended the same functions.[8] In May 1952, at a dinner party organized by mutual friends, they were formally introduced for the first time.[9] The two began dating soon afterward, and their engagement was officially announced on June 25, 1953.[10]

Bouvier married Kennedy on September 12, 1953, at St. Mary's Church in Newport, Rhode Island in a Mass celebrated by Boston's Archbishop Richard Cushing.[11] An estimated 700 guests attended the ceremony and 1,200 attended the reception that followed at Hammersmith Farm.[12]

The wedding cake was created by Plourde's Bakery in Fall River, Massachusetts.[13] The wedding dress, now housed in the

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