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William H. Taft

1857-1930

10th Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1921-30)




US Bureau of Engraving

Born September 15, 1857, in Cincinnati, OH
Died March 8, 1930, in Washington, DC

Federal Judicial Service:
U. S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit
Nominated by Benjamin Harrison on December 16, 1891, to a new seat created by 26 Stat. 826; Confirmed by the Senate on March 17, 1892, and received commission on March 17, 1892. Service terminated on March 15, 1900, due to resignation.

Supreme Court of the United States, Chief Justice
Nominated by Warren G. Harding on June 30, 1921, to a seat vacated by Edward Douglass White; Confirmed by the Senate on June 30, 1921, and received commission on June 30, 1921. Service terminated on February 3, 1930, due to resignation.

Education:
Yale College, B.A, 1878

University of Cincinnati College of Law, LL.B., 1880

Professional Career:
Assistant prosecuting attorney, Hamilton County, Ohio, 1881-1883
Collector of internal revenue, City of Cincinnati, Ohio, 1882
Private practice, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1883-1887
Assistant county Solicitor, Hamilton County, Ohio, 1885-1887
Judge, Superior Court of Ohio, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1887-1890
Solicitor General of the United States, 1890-1892
Professor and dean, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1896-1900
President, U.S. Philippine Commission, 1900-1901
Civil Governor, Philippine Islands, 1901-1904
U.S. Secretary of War, 1904-1908
President of the United States, 1909-1913
Kent professor of law, Yale University, 1913-1921


Race or Ethnicity: White

Gender: Male

Manuscript sources
 

Source: Federal Judicial Center

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Years of Service: 1832-1837; 1837-1843; 1845-1850
Party: Nullifier; Democrat; Democrat

 

CALHOUN, John Caldwell, (cousin of John Ewing Colhoun and Joseph Calhoun), a Representative and a Senator from South Carolina and a Vice President of the United States; born near Calhoun Mills, Abbeville District (now Mount Carmel, McCormick County), S.C., March 18, 1782; attended the common schools and private academies; was graduated from Yale College in 1804; studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1807, and commenced practice in Abbeville, S.C.; also engaged in agricultural pursuits; member, State house of representatives 1808-1809; elected as a Republican to the Twelfth and to the three succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1811, to November 3, 1817, when he resigned; Secretary of War in the Cabinet of President James Monroe 1817-1825; elected vice president of the United States in 1824 with President John Quincy Adams; reelected in 1828 with President Andrew Jackson and served from March 4, 1825, to December 28, 1832, when he resigned, having been elected to the United States Senate on December 12, 1832, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Robert Y. Hayne; reelected in 1834 and 1840 and served from December 29, 1832, until his resignation, effective March 3, 1843; Secretary of State in the Cabinet of President John Tyler; 1844-1845; again elected to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Daniel E. Huger; reelected in 1846 and served from November 26, 1845, until his death in Washington, D.C., March 31, 1850; chairman, Committee on Finance (Twenty-ninth Congress); interment in St. Philip’s Churchyard, Charleston, S.C.


 

Bibliography

 

American National Biography; DAB; Calhoun, John C. The Papers of John C. Calhoun. Edited by Robert Meriwether, W. Edwin Hemphill, and Clyde N. Wilson. 25 vols. to date. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1959-; Bartlett, Irving H. John C. Calhoun: A Biography. New York: W.W. Norton Co., 1993; Wiltse, Charles M. John C. Calhoun. 3 vols. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1944-1951.

-- Biographical Data courtesy of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress


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