Virtual Museum of Art | Virtual Museum of History | Virtual Public Library | Virtual Science Center | Virtual Museum of Natural History | Virtual War Museum
   You are in: Museum of History >> Hall of Spirituality >> Sermon on the Mount

The Seven Flags of the New Orleans Tri-Centennial

For More Information go to New Orleans 300th Birthday


New Page 4

Sermon on the Mount


The Catholic Encyclopedia
 Robert Appleton Company


Mount of Beatitudes

This name is given to the place where Our Saviour delivered the "Sermon on the Mount", beginning with the Beatitudes. The scene of this discourse is traditionally located on Karn Hattin (or Kurun Hattîn), the Horns of Hattin, a mountain which receives its name from the little village at its northern base and from the two cones or horns which crown its summit. Karn Hattin is inGalilee in easy distance of Nazareth, Cana, and Mt. Tabor to the southwest, of Tiberias and Lake Gennesaret (the Sea of Galilee) to the east, and of Capharnaum to the northeast, in the centre, therefore, of much of the ministry of Jesus. It lies 1, 816 feet above the lake and 1,135 feet above the sea level (according to Baedeker, Palestine and Syria, Leipzig, 1898, pp. 285, 288, which has the high authority of Socin and Benzinger). This mountain, rising above the hills that skirt the lake, is the onl height to the west that can be seen from its shores. It consists of a low ridge about one-quarter of a mile long extending east and west, and rising at each extremity into a cone or horn. The horn, which is the taller, is only sixty feet above the ridge. Between the horns lies an uneven platform which could easily accomodate the crowd that followed Jesus; but it is believed that the spot on which the discourse was given is lower down, on a level place on the southern side of the mountain, corresponding with St. Luke's description (topou pedinou), vi. 17, which may mean a level place, as well as a "plain". From the eastern slope of the hill there is a beautiful view, to the east, of the lake with the Jôlan (Gaulanitis) mountains beyond, to the south, the plateau of Ard el-Hamma and Mt. Tabor, and to the north the snowy height of Mt. Hermon. The tradition that there was a village on the mountain top, if true (the only proof being the remains of a wall which served as defense to a camp), might lend point to the reference in the sermon to the city which was seated on a hill and could not be hid (Matt., v, 14); and the beautiful flowers that abound there might include the unindentified "lilies of the field" (vi, 28). Bishop Le Camus (Notre Voyage aux Pays Bibliques, II, pp. 220-222) thought he never saw elsewhere and never imagined so lovely a variety and harmony in the beauty of flowers; other travelers are scarcely so enthusiastic, but all agree the spot has a charm of its own. The Horns of Hattin are mentioned by a feeble and late tradition as the site of the second multiplication of loaves. the Jews of the locality point out here also the tomb of Jethro, father-in-law of Moses. During the Crusades the plain below was the scene of the battle in which Saladin dealt the death-blow to French power in Palestine (3-4 July, 1187). 

The tradition regarding the scene of the Sermon on the Mount, though usually received with a certain degree of favor by Scriptural scholars, apparently does not go back beyond the crusaders. St. Jerome, the best informed man of his day on points of this nature, knew of no such tradition and merely conjectured that the scene was on Mt. Tabor or some other high mountain of Galilee (Comm. in Ev. S. Matt. in Cap. v). The Gospels, in fact, afford but little help in determining the site. Matt., v, 1, locates the sermon on the mountain (to oros), and Luke, vi. 12, uses the same expression for the spot from which Our Lord descended before He preached on the "level place", vi, 17. The expression most naturally "suggests that the sermon had long been traditionally connected with a mountain and seems to mean the mountain on which the sermon was delivered" (Allen, St. Matthew, New York, 1907).Some scholars even see in the definite article the indication of a particular mountain which the Evangelists suppose known to the reader; but popular curiosity concerning the scene of particular Gospel events is a growth of later date. Some interpret it as "the mountain that was at hand". Others refuse to see in the mountain a reference to any particular mountain at all, but interpret the word as meaning "the tableland, the mountainous district". To oros is used in this sense in the Septuagint translation of Gen., xix, 17, 19, 30, xxxi, 23, 25, xxxvi, 8, 9. and appears to have the same meaning in Matt., xiv, 23, xv, 29, mark, vi, 46, Luke, ix, 28, John, vi, 3. Possibly the word is to be thus interpreted here also, but St. Luke more probably refers (vi, 12) to a particular mountain on which Our Lord spent the night in prayer and from which he descended to the level place or tableland to preach the discourse. 

According to another opinion recently put forth by certain critics, the mountain is purely ideal in Matthew, while Luke a plain is the place on which the Beatitudes were spoken. The author of the First Gospel, in the opinion of Loisy (Le Discours sur la Montagne) "desires to have for the publication of the New Law, a setting analogous to that which is described in Exodus (xx, 18-22) for the Old Law. The mountain of Matthew is the Sinai of the Gospel where Jesus speaks as the prince of the kingdom of God and shows himself greater than Moses . . . To seek an exact geographical determination here is no more expedient than in the case of the mountain of the temptation", which was purely, being represented as high enough to afford a view of all the kingdoms of the world. There is probably an element of truth in this opinion; nearly all the Fathers seek a symbolic meaning in the mountains (v. St. Thomas Aquinis, Catena Aurea, loc. cit.) and are probably right in attributing it to Matthew. But his account and that of St. Luke have too matter-of-fact an air to allow us to believe that either intended the mountain to be regarded as purely ideal. Matthew, believed then, that the New Law, just as the Old, was really given on a mountain. We are assuming here, of course, that the Sermon on the Mount was a genuine discourse by Our Lord, not a mere rearrangement of His sayings made by Matthew. 

If we seek to determine the particular mountain to which the Evangelists allude, we cannot advance with anything like certainty beyond the ancient opinion of St. Jerome (Comm. in Ev. Matt.) that the events before and after the discourse show that it was given on some mountain in Galilee. It is not unlikely that the locality was not far distant from Capharnaum, into which Our Lord entered after finishing his discourse (Matt., viii., 5; Luke, vii, 1); but the Evangelists do not say how soon after the discourse he entered Capharnaum. We know from their literary methods that it may have been a day, a week, or even more, for they had little interest in the chronological sequence of events, and the attempt to press details of this sort only results in interminable contradictions. Besides, the site of Capharnaum itself is uncertain. Neither Evangelist gives us a hint as to what vicinity Jesus set out from to ascend the mountain, except that it was somewhere in Galilee; how can the mountain be determined? It is true many (e.g. Stanley) assume it must have been from the lakeside or its neighborhood; but no word in the Gospel warrants the assumption though it is the most likely one. 

In favor of Karn Hattin, it is said, is the fact that it is accessible from all sides, which is thought to be demanded by the narratives of Matthew ( iv, 25, v, 1) and Luke (vi, 17). But this argument, although it is accepted by Dean Stanley (Sinai and Palestine, London, 1883, p. 369) who is usually quite rigorous in requiring proof, has little force, since the multitude did not flock to the mountain from all sides, but, according to Matthew, at least, first gathered together and followed Jesus up the mountainside. (Cf. iv, 25, v, 1, with vii, 28, where the multitude, not merely the disciples, are found on the spot where the sermon was delivered). There is little but negative evidence in favour of Karn Hattin; Edersheim (Life and Times of Jesus, New York, 1896) says there are several reasons which make it unsuitable, but gives none. It is near the scenes of Our Lord's greatest activity and fulfills all the requirements of the narrative. We must add, however, that so great an authority as Robinson ( Biblical Researches in Palestine, III, 487) says there are a number of hills to the west of the lake equally suitable as Karn Hattin; but this hardly gives its proper force to the word, the mountain, which seems to mark the place as distinct from the hills of almost uniform height in the vicinity. 

LEGENDRE in VIG., Dict. de la Bible, 1528, s.v. Beatitudes, Mont des; FOUARD, The Christ (New York, 1891); ANDREWS, The Life of Our Lord (New York, 1901); THOLUCK, Die Bergrede, tr. The Sermon on the Mount (Philadelphia, 1860); VOTAW in HAST., Dict. of the Bible, Extra Volume, s.v. Sermon on the Mount; LE CAMUS, The Life of Christ (tr. New York). II; MAAS, The Gospedl according to St. Matthew (St. Louis, 1896), 57, 58.

Research Links

Virtualology is not affiliated with the authors of these links nor responsible for its content.


The Sermon on the Mount
return to religion-online. The Sermon on the Mount by Joachim Jeremias. Dr. Jeremias'
other books published in English include The Parables of Jesus (New York ...

An Exposition of the Sermon on the Mount
Introduction; 1. The Beatitudes: Matthew 5:3-11; 2.
The Beatitudes: Matthew 5:3-11, Continued; ...

Sermon on the Mount
... The major teaching event in the ministry of Jesus was the Sermon on the Mount. According
to the scriptures, this was the largest gathering that Jesus addressed ...

The Sermon on the Mount - Jesus of Nazareth
The Sermon on the Mount. Web Publication by Mountain Man Graphics,
Australia. The Sermon on the Mount. ...

Augustine on Prayer (English)
Augustine, On the Lord's Sermon on the Mount 2.3.14 (Latin text available): `But
again one might ask whether we are to pray by words or deeds and what need ...
Description: A brief extract, about prayer.

Sermon on the Mount
The Gospel According to Matthew, Chapters 5,6,7. Sermon
on the Mount. King James Version. ...

St. Augustine of Hippo: THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT
New Advent Catholic Supersite. St. Augustine of Hippo.
The Sermon on the Mount. Book ...

The Sermon on the Mount in mp3 audio
... Sermon on the Mount. If you don't have a personal relationship with Jesus Christ
or you're not sure where you'll spend eternity, please call 1-800-NEED-HIM or ...

The Sermon on the Mount
... The Sermon on the Mount A concise presentation of our Lord's Sermon on the Mount,
it's entire text, as well as a short interpretation of the Sermon for the ...

On forgiveness, Sermon on the Mount
On forgiveness, Sermon on the Mount. (Matthew 5: 38-48).
In contrast to Mark, Matthew contains ...

The Sermon on the Mount
The Sermon on the Mount. Excerpts from the divine revelation-work. ... The Christ-friends
in Universal Life. The Sermon on the Mount. The Beatitudes. ...

L Rosselli and di Cosimo: The Sermon on the Mount
... Sistina. Cosimo Rosselli (1439-1507) and Piero di Cosimo (1462-1521). Scenes from
the Life of Christ: The Sermon on the Mount The Healing of the Leper (L). ...

A Sermon On The Mount, Delos McKown, Freethought Today, August ...
Freethought Today, August 1996. A Sermon On The Mount.
By Delos McKown, Ph.D. This ...

Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Series I, Vol. VI
... Our Lord's Sermon on the Mount. OUR LORD'S SERMON ON
THE MOUNT. Previous Page Top Of Page Next Page ...
Description: Each Book in its own file. With notes.

The Frick Collection : Paintings : Lorrain : The Sermon on the ...
... CLAUDE LORRAIN 1600–1682. THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT Painted in 1656. Oil on canvas
67 1/2 x 102 1/4 in. (171.4 x 259.7 cm.) Acquired in 1960. Picture, ...

The Issue of Forgiveness in the Sermon on the Mount
... The Issue of Forgiveness in the Sermon on the Mount
by Greg Herrick, Ph.D. Introduction. ...

Sermon series on Jesus' Sermon on the Mount, by Rev. David ...
"Sermon on the Mount" sermon series. For an archive of all these sermons
(21K, compressed), click here: Sermon on Mount archive. ...

Sermon on the Mount
... THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT or in you heart. The Pharisees had started probably with
good intentions and were sincere in their endeavor to please God, at least in ...

The Sermon On The Mount
The Sermon On The Mount Small Clone (SC-NR-004) Aragon Ballroom - Chicago, IL United
States 10-23-93 Disc 1 - Total CD Time 54:26 / 14 Tracks Matrix: SC-NR-003 ...

John Wesley, Sermon 29:Upon Our Lord's Sermon on The Mount- ...
SERMON 29. The United Methodist ...

Sermon on the Mount
... This page has been visited times. Sermon on the Mount. By JOHN CHOPORES. Luke 6:12
¶ And it came to pass in those days, that he went out into a mountain to pray ...

The Sermon on the Mount: Description: Bible Picture Tour
... Mount of the Beatitudes, Sermon Mount, Jesus, IPIX,
Bible, free picture, msmfeature.jpg, ...

IVP | Sermon on the Mount
... SERMON ON THE MOUNT LifeGuide Bible Studies By John RW Stott Add to cart Order from Order from Customer Service RETAIL PRICE ...

Bible-The Sermon On The Mount
... It has been said that the Sermon on the Mount is a presentation of Christian discipleship
which can be wrought in the soul of an individual only by the power ...

Sermon on the Mount Mennonite Church
SERMON ON THE MOUNT MENNONITE CHURCH. 1512 East Mulberry St., Sioux Falls,
SD 57103. Weekly Bulletin. ... Sunday School - 9:30 AM: Worship - 10:30 AM. ...

Sermon on the Mount
... You are in: Museum of History >> Hall of Spirituality >> Sermon on the
Mount. Sermon on the Mount. ... Start your search on Sermon on the Mount. ...

The Sermon on the Mount
... Louis W. Cable. The Sermon on the Mount (SotM) is viewed by many as the authoritative
statement of the Christian belief system. Allegedly given by Jesus, it is ...

Sermon on the Mount and Healing of the Leper by PIERO DI COSIMO
PIERO DI COSIMO (b. 1462, Firenze, d. 1521, Firenze). Sermon
on the Mount and Healing of the Leper. ...

Did the Author of 3 Nephi Know the Gospel of Matthew?
... Book of Mormon the resurrected Jesus Christ repeats in large part the famous Sermon
on the Mount, but this time before a New World audience. The Sermon on the ...

Start your search on Sermon on the Mount.

The Congressional Evolution of the United States Henry Middleton

Unauthorized Site: This site and its contents are not affiliated, connected, associated with or authorized by the individual, family, friends, or trademarked entities utilizing any part or the subject's entire name. Any official or affiliated sites that are related to this subject will be hyper linked below upon submission and Evisum, Inc. review.

Copyright© 2000 by Evisum Inc.TM. All rights reserved.
Evisum Inc.TM Privacy Policy


About Us



Image Use

Please join us in our mission to incorporate The Congressional Evolution of the United States of America discovery-based curriculum into the classroom of every primary and secondary school in the United States of America by July 2, 2026, the nation’s 250th birthday. , the United States of America: We The People Click Here


Historic Documents

Articles of Association

Articles of Confederation 1775

Articles of Confederation

Article the First

Coin Act

Declaration of Independence

Declaration of Independence

Emancipation Proclamation

Gettysburg Address

Monroe Doctrine

Northwest Ordinance

No Taxation Without Representation

Thanksgiving Proclamations

Mayflower Compact

Treaty of Paris 1763

Treaty of Paris 1783

Treaty of Versailles

United Nations Charter

United States In Congress Assembled

US Bill of Rights

United States Constitution

US Continental Congress

US Constitution of 1777

US Constitution of 1787

Virginia Declaration of Rights


Historic Events

Battle of New Orleans

Battle of Yorktown

Cabinet Room

Civil Rights Movement

Federalist Papers

Fort Duquesne

Fort Necessity

Fort Pitt

French and Indian War

Jumonville Glen

Manhattan Project

Stamp Act Congress

Underground Railroad

US Hospitality

US Presidency

Vietnam War

War of 1812

West Virginia Statehood

Woman Suffrage

World War I

World War II


Is it Real?

Declaration of

Digital Authentication
Click Here


America’s Four Republics
The More or Less United States

Continental Congress
U.C. Presidents

Peyton Randolph

Henry Middleton

Peyton Randolph

John Hancock


Continental Congress
U.S. Presidents

John Hancock

Henry Laurens

John Jay

Samuel Huntington


Constitution of 1777
U.S. Presidents

Samuel Huntington

Samuel Johnston
Elected but declined the office

Thomas McKean

John Hanson

Elias Boudinot

Thomas Mifflin

Richard Henry Lee

John Hancock
Chairman David Ramsay]

Nathaniel Gorham

Arthur St. Clair

Cyrus Griffin


Constitution of 1787
U.S. Presidents

George Washington 

John Adams
Federalist Party

Thomas Jefferson
Republican* Party

James Madison 
Republican* Party

James Monroe
Republican* Party

John Quincy Adams
Republican* Party
Whig Party

Andrew Jackson
Republican* Party
Democratic Party

Martin Van Buren
Democratic Party

William H. Harrison
Whig Party

John Tyler
Whig Party

James K. Polk
Democratic Party

David Atchison**
Democratic Party

Zachary Taylor
Whig Party

Millard Fillmore
Whig Party

Franklin Pierce
Democratic Party

James Buchanan
Democratic Party

Abraham Lincoln 
Republican Party

Jefferson Davis***
Democratic Party

Andrew Johnson
Republican Party

Ulysses S. Grant 
Republican Party

Rutherford B. Hayes
Republican Party

James A. Garfield
Republican Party

Chester Arthur 
Republican Party

Grover Cleveland
Democratic Party

Benjamin Harrison
Republican Party

Grover Cleveland 
Democratic Party

William McKinley
Republican Party

Theodore Roosevelt
Republican Party

William H. Taft 
Republican Party

Woodrow Wilson
Democratic Party

Warren G. Harding 
Republican Party

Calvin Coolidge
Republican Party

Herbert C. Hoover
Republican Party

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Democratic Party

Harry S. Truman
Democratic Party

Dwight D. Eisenhower
Republican Party

John F. Kennedy
Democratic Party

Lyndon B. Johnson 
Democratic Party 

Richard M. Nixon 
Republican Party

Gerald R. Ford 
Republican Party

James Earl Carter, Jr. 
Democratic Party

Ronald Wilson Reagan 
Republican Party

George H. W. Bush
Republican Party 

William Jefferson Clinton
Democratic Party

George W. Bush 
Republican Party

Barack H. Obama
Democratic Party

Please Visit

Forgotten Founders
Norwich, CT

Annapolis Continental
Congress Society

U.S. Presidency
& Hospitality

© Stan Klos





Virtual Museum of Art | Virtual Museum of History | Virtual Public Library | Virtual Science Center | Virtual Museum of Natural History | Virtual War Museum