1: In the days of Ahasu-e'rus, the Ahasu-e'rus who reigned from India to
Ethiopia over one hundred and twenty-seven provinces,
2: in those days when King Ahasu-e'rus sat on his royal throne in Susa the
3: in the third year of his reign he gave a banquet for all his princes and
servants, the army chiefs of Persia and Media and the nobles and governors of
the provinces being before him,
4: while he showed the riches of his royal glory and the splendor and pomp of
his majesty for many days, a hundred and eighty days.
5: And when these days were completed, the king gave for all the people present
in Susa the capital, both great and small, a banquet lasting for seven days, in
the court of the garden of the king's palace.
6: There were white cotton curtains and blue hangings caught up with cords of
fine linen and purple to silver rings and marble pillars, and also couches of
gold and silver on a mosaic pavement of porphyry, marble, mother-of-pearl and
7: Drinks were served in golden goblets, goblets of different kinds, and the
royal wine was lavished according to the bounty of the king.
8: And drinking was according to the law, no one was compelled; for the king had
given orders to all the officials of his palace to do as every man desired.
9: Queen Vashti also gave a banquet for the women in the palace which belonged
to King Ahasu-e'rus.
10: On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he
commanded Mehu'man, Biztha, Harbo'na, Bigtha and Abag'tha, Zethar and Carkas,
the seven eunuchs who served King Ahasu-e'rus as chamberlains,
11: to bring Queen Vashti before the king with her royal crown, in order to show
the peoples and the princes her beauty; for she was fair to behold.
12: But Queen Vashti refused to come at the king's command conveyed by the
eunuchs. At this the king was enraged, and his anger burned within him.
13: Then the king said to the wise men who knew the times -- for this was the
king's procedure toward all who were versed in law and judgment,
14: the men next to him being Carshe'na, Shethar, Adma'tha, Tarshish, Meres,
Marse'na, and Memu'can, the seven princes of Persia and Media, who saw the
king's face, and sat first in the kingdom -- :
15: "According to the law, what is to be done to Queen Vashti, because she
has not performed the command of King Ahasu-e'rus conveyed by the eunuchs?"
16: Then Memu'can said in presence of the king and the princes, "Not only
to the king has Queen Vashti done wrong, but also to all the princes and all the
peoples who are in all the provinces of King Ahasu-e'rus.
17: For this deed of the queen will be made known to all women, causing them to
look with contempt upon their husbands, since they will say, `King Ahasu-e'rus
commanded Queen Vashti to be brought before him, and she did not come.'
18: This very day the ladies of Persia and Media who have heard of the queen's
behavior will be telling it to all the king's princes, and there will be
contempt and wrath in plenty.
19: If it please the king, let a royal order go forth from him, and let it be
written among the laws of the Persians and the Medes so that it may not be
altered, that Vashti is to come no more before King Ahasu-e'rus; and let the
king give her royal position to another who is better than she.
20: So when the decree made by the king is proclaimed throughout all his
kingdom, vast as it is, all women will give honor to their husbands, high and
21: This advice pleased the king and the princes, and the king did as Memu'can
22: he sent letters to all the royal provinces, to every province in its own
script and to every people in its own language, that every man be lord in his
own house and speak according to the language of his people.
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