Aleksandrovich Brodsky , Иосиф Александрович Бродский in Russia ( Leningrad ,
May 24th 1940 - New York , 28 January 1996 ) was a poet Russian naturalized
He started his career in 1958 by publishing a few poems in a clandestine
magazine, was immediately recognized as one of the most talented poets of his
generation, and received the support of the poet Anna Akhmatova , who dedicated
one of his collections (1963).
Was reported for the first time in a newspaper of Leningrad, who attacked his
work as pornographic and anti-Soviet .
In 1964 he was arrested on charges of parasitism and convicted, after a trial
that sparked violent reactions in world public opinion, in five years' hard
labor. Released after eighteen months, he returned to live in Leningrad, devoted
primarily to the translation of English poets such as John Donne and Gerard
Manley Hopkins .
In the meantime, was published in New York in 1970 , his collection of poems
stop in the desert , which confirmed his extraordinary poetic inspiration.
In 1972 he was forced by the Soviet authorities to emigrate and settled in the
United States , where he gave courses at different universities and carried out
extensive publishing activity ( Escape from Byzantium ( Less than one ), 1986 )
and poetry ( Roman Elegies , 1982 ).
In 1987 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature , and in his speech in
Stockholm identified the roots of his work as a contemporary classic in five
poets Osip Mandelstam , Anna Akhmatova , Marina Tsvetaeva , Robert Frost and WH
Auden . In 1991 he was named Poet Laureate of the United States. He died in his
apartment in Brooklyn for a heart attack in 1996 . By his will he was buried in
the cemetery island of San Michele in Venice , which he always considered his
home town election, to whom he dedicated many poems and a book called Foundation
for Incurable Diseases ( 1989 ).
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