World War II was a tumultuous and trying time in American history. Not
since World War I had the United States populace been forced to endure an
uncertainty of what the future would hold for America and her people.
With death and destruction looming everywhere one was to turn, it is
almost inconceivable that anything of positive value could emerge from such
devastation. The war changed many aspects of American living, personal beliefs
and forms of self-expression.
As novelist set out to change the world with the written word, artist,
too, began to view the world in a more abstract light, foregoing the more
traditional forms of seeing and painting, Abstract Expressionist depicted the
world around them as turbulent, hostile and even distorted.
Budding in New York City during the mid- 1940's, abstract painting, or
action painting, was a movement that broke away from the influence of Europe and
in fact became an important transformation of independence in the American Art
Abstract Expressionist left behind the moderate, easel bound canvases for
a larger, even over-sized surface that was often placed upon the floor. Adhering
to their own ideas and rules, abstract artist steered away from the traditional,
aesthetic "form" painting and instead utilized the entire canvas with their
methods of splattering, dripping and broad brush strokes.
Accidents occurring during the painting process were considered to be an
enhancement to the work and were incorporated as part of the overall theme.
Abstract Expressionist practiced a variety of techniques to convey their
messages. Jackson Pollock, (1912-1956)
whose work has often been referred to as turbulent yet graceful, would
create his paintings by placing a large canvas onto his studio floor and then he
would pour, toss or splatter his various hues over the entire canvas.
Mark Rothko, (1903-1970) also an action painter, would use saturated
colors and broad impasto brush strokes while creating a rhythmic composition
through the use of squares and rectangles. Some artist would combine
splattering, tossing, dripping and impasto techniques to complete their
New York was becoming "Abstract City" as more and more artists began to
follow the new school of art. Europe, during this period, was also experiencing
an increase in abstract expressionist. The Europeans referred to their abstract
movement as either tachism, which is French for "spot", which stresses the use
of colored patches while Art Informel rejected the use of formal structures and
had very close ties to the New York action painting.
The Abstract Expressionism movement had a great run, and by mid 1960's had
began to lose its impact on the American art culture. New movements such as Pop
Art and Minimalism began to strongly influence the art community and the
artists, in keeping with the times, began to engage in the new movement.
However, not every artist abandoned his or her expressionist roots. Many
continued to pursue their calling as Abstractionist and some even took the form
to new heights of visual and philosophical levels.
Abstract Expressionism, although not dominating today's art scene, is
still practiced by many artists. While some still use the traditional abstract
painting methods, others have found the use of modern technology to fulfill
their ambition. The paint ball gun has been used by many artists to paint upon
canvases that have been secured upright and then fired at with various colors of
paintballs. Others have even found ways to use the computer to generate works of
abstract art, and some will use what ever is at their grasp, from liquid bingo
markers to paint- filled spray bottles. Regardless of their technique, one thing
remains unchanged: Their need for self-expression.
This site and its contents are not affiliated, connected,
associated with or authorized by the individual, family,
friends, or trademarked entities utilizing any part or
the subject's entire name. Any official or affiliated
sites that are related to this subject will be hyper
linked below upon submission
and Evisum, Inc. review.
Please join us in our mission to incorporate The Congressional Evolution of the United States of America discovery-based curriculum into the classroom of every primary and secondary school in the United States of America by July 2, 2026, the nation’s 250th birthday. , the United States of America: We The
People. Click Here