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Egyptian Mummification

Originally the Egyptians did not mummify their dead at all. In early Egyptian times, the dead were simply buried in reed caskets in the sand. The searing hot sand caused the remains to dry quickly preventing decomposition. But when they began constructing tombs, and wood caskets for the dead, the sand could not get to the bodies. The bodies then started decomposing, so the Egyptians developed an elaborate mummification process.

The first step in the mummification process, was the embalming of the body. The dead body was embalmed with several preserving fluids. Then the major organs were removed, with the exception of the heart. The organs were placed in for Canopic jars. One held the intestines, another the stomach, another the lungs, and the last one held the liver. Surprisingly, the Egyptians did not keep the brain at all. The heart was the most important organ of all, and was said to house the person's Ba or soul. It was left in.

After the organs were removed, the body was stuffed with cotton and linen, and sewed back up. Next the eyes were removed, and replaced with either cotton, or fake eyeballs. After the body was finished, it was wrapped with strips of linen that had been soaked in embalming fluid. Finally it was covered with linen cloth, and bound carefully.

The Mummified body was then placed in its coffin, along with several amulets to ward off bad spirits, and grave robbers. In death the Egyptian still needed his body, so it was vitally important that the body was well preserved, so the Egyptian didn't have any problem in the afterlife.  -- Written by: Michael D. Peach.

Research Links

An Egyptian Mummification
... elderly man from Baltimore who died from heart failure. The ancient Egyptian mummification
process took 70 days. After that this elderly Baltimore man would be ...

Ancient Egyptian Culture Mummification Process
Ancient Egyptian Culture Mummification Process.
12/07/1999. Click here to start. ...

Ancient Egyptian Mummification
... talk about mummies, how they were made, and ancient Egyptian religion. The process
of mummification, which was practiced by the ancient Egyptians, changed over ...

... death. Mummification is a process of making a mummy, which is a dead human body
or animal embalmed according to the ancient Egyptian methods for burial. The ...

SuccessLink-Great Ideas
... of history: Students are able to describe the process of mummification and describe
how it relates to ancient Egyptian burial practices, during 3100-30 BC. ...

... group of students can bury objects. For additional background on the Egyptian mummification
process, refer to the Mummy book. Choose the objects that you will ...

... In this lesson, students will be challenged to explore the Egyptian mummification
process, Egyptian views of the afterlife, mummy curses and legends, and ...

Jennifer Nobile
... New York: Harper & Row. This is a beautiful picture book that explains the Egyptian
mummification process and beliefs behind it. A wonderful handy resource. ...

Smithsonian FAQs: Egyptian Mummies
... scientists, and the mummies themselves all help us better understand the Egyptian
mummification process and the culture in which it existed. Much of what we ...

MoS | Learn More | Science Kits Rentals
... group of students can bury objects. For additional background on the Egyptian mummification
process, refer to the Mummy book. Choose the objects that you will ...

Creating an Egypt ABC book
... For a DEFINITION of "mummy" see page 4. To learn about the Ancient Egyptian MUMMIFICATION
PROCESS, see pages 6-13. To learn about EMBALMING, see page 5. To ...

Ancient Egypt
... Questions: 1. Is Egyptian mummification the origin of our embalming process? 2.
Why did Ancient Egyptians mummify their dead? 3. Is there still mummification ...

Facts of Mummifying
... the pH that creates a hostile environment for bacteria. The Egyptian climate lent
it self well to the mummification process, being both very hot and dry. ...

Start your search on EGYPTIAN MUMMIFICATION.

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