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Cleopatra VII

Daughter of Ptolemy XII (r.51-30) ruled together with her younger brother Ptolemy XIII for three until they had a falling out which developed into a civil war. The Roman general Pompey, pursued by Julius Caesar, came to Egypt in 48 BCE and was murdered by Ptolemy's courtiers in the hopes of winning Caesar's favor.

Julius Caesar sided with Cleopatra  and defeated Ptolemy. Caesar fell in love with Cleopatra and   had a son Caesarion and they returned to Rome. After Caesar's murder in 44 she returned to Egypt, had her husband Ptolemy XIV murdered and tried to keep neutral in the Roman civil war that followed Caesar's death.

In the end she took the side of  Mark Antony at Tarsus and became his mistress. He followed her to Egypt and married her, divorcing Octavian's sister in the process. In 34 Caesarion became co-ruler in an attempt to gain popularity, while Octavian's propaganda described them as rowdy and decadent pleasure seekers. At the sea battle of Actium the Egyptian navy was decisively defeated and Antony and Cleopatra fled to Alexandria. Almost a year later, Octavian conquered Alexandria, Mark Antony committed suicide and Cleopatra, when she failed to come to an agreement with the Romans, did likewise (30 BCE).  Cleopatra's son, Caesarion ( Ptolemy XV ), was murdered, and Egypt became an exploited, though prosperous Roman province.


Research Links

History of Egypt - Cleopatra VII, the Last Pharaoh
... Daughter of the Pharaoh. Cleopatra VII was born in 69 BC in Alexandria, which
was then the capital of Egypt. Her father was Egypt's pharaoh, Ptolemy XII ...
Description: The life of Cleopatra, queen of Egypt.

Cleopatra VII Ptolemaic Dynasty In the springtime of 51 BC, Ptolemy Auletes died
and left his kingdom in his will to his eighteen year old daughter, Cleopatra ...
Description: Outline of her life. Part of the Tour of Egypt web site containing travel resources, recipes and more.

*** The House of Ptolemy: Caesar, Cleopatra, & Marcus ...
... Cleopatra From the historical to the fanciful. More About
Cleopatra (Cleopatra VII Philopator Nea Thea). ...

Cleopatra VII
Special thanks to the Microsoft Corporation for their contribution to this site.
The following information came from Microsoft Encarta: Cleopatra VII. ...

Marble Portrait of Cleopatra VII, Queen of Egypt
Marble Portrait of Cleopatra VII, Queen of Egypt.
1st century BC. Return to Previous Page ...

Cleopatra VII, Ptolemy Queen of Egypt
... Cleopatra VII, last of the Pharaohs, and last of the hellenistic Ptolemy dynasty
founded by Alexander the Great, who lost her bid to found an Imperial dynasty ...

Cleopatra VII (69-30 BC) : Library of Congress Citations
... Cleopatra VII (69-30 BC) : Library of Congress Citations. ... Book
Citations [First 20 Records ...

Cleopatra VII
Distinguished Women of Past and Present. ... Special thanks
to ... Encarta: Cleopatra VII. Cleopatra (circa ...

Women in the Roman World: Cleopatra VII, Last Queen of ...
Contents - Previous Article - Next Article About This Image... Cleopatra VII, Last
Queen of Egypt. Consort of Julius Caesar, Wife of Marc Antony. ...

Cleopatra VII
Cleopatra VII, Queen of Egypt Born 69 BC, Ruled Egypt, 51-30 BC. Debased silver
tetradrachm (4-drachm piece), 25 mm. Obverse: Head of Ptolemy I facing right ...

Cleopatra VII's Home Page
Cleopatra was born in 69 BC and took her life in
30 BC. She was the daughter of Ptolemy XII ...

Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator -
ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA. Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator. Cleopatra,
detail of a bas relief, c. 69-30 BC; in the Templ ... ...

CLEOPATRA VII. Cleopatra exerceu forte influência sobre os destinos de Roma, graças
às relações amorosas que manteve com Julius Caesar e Marcus Antônius ... - The Intelligence Renaissance
... Who Is Cleopatra VII? Written By: Maria Watson, email this article to someone. Cleopatra,
or more specifically, Cleopatra VII, was born in 69 BC, the daughter of ...

Historical Personalities & Issues. Compiled & Edited by Phillip
True, Jr. Chapter Eleven. CLEOPATRA VII (69-30 BC). ...

CM Magazine: Cleopatra VII: Daughter of the Nile. (The Royal ...
... Cleopatra VII: Daughter of the Nile. (The Royal Diaries.) Kristiana Gregory. New
York, NY: Scholastic Inc. (Distributed in Canada by Scholastic Canada Ltd ...

Daughter of the Nile: Discussion Guide
... Cleopatra VII: Daughter of the Nile, Egypt, 57 BC Written
by Kristiana Gregory. To the Discussion ...

Yahoo! Regional > Countries > Egypt > Arts and Humanities > ...
... events of Cleopatra's life. Site is also available in Arabic and German. Cleopatra
VII - biography of the last ruling Ptolemy. Cleopatra VII, Last Pharaoh of ...

Stele di Cleopatra VII
TELEMACO HOME PAGE Stele di Cleopatra VII. La diffusione
dell'epigrafia greca coincide con ...

... All Infoplease. ... encyclopedia Encyclopedia Cleopatra, [klEupa
tru, pA , pä ] Pronunciation Key. Cleopatra , 69 ...


Cleopatra VII
Cleopatra VII. Cleopatra The Queen of Egypt "Life
of Cleopatra". by Craig T. Staunton Cleopatra ...

... There were seven queens known as Cleopatra. The most well known one was the last
one. ... We want to hear from you! Click on the envelope to send us your email.

Bust of Cleopatra?
... woman, dated to the period 50-25 BCE, is one of the coiffures used by Cleopatra VII
on her images and may depict the ruler in her youth. Close this window when ...

Click here to see more! ... encyclopedia Encyclopedia Cleopatra,
[klEupa tru, pA , pä ] Pronunciation Key. ...

Cleopatra VII
Cleopatra VII. Pharaoh of Dynasty XXXII (69 - 30 BCE(BC)).
Cleopatra the VII, also known as Cleopatra ...

Lycos Zone. Home. enter ... encyclopedia Encyclopedia Cleopatra,
[klEupa tru, pA , pä ] Pronunciation Key. Cleopatra ...

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