CARAWAY, Hattie Wyatt, (wife of
Thaddeus Horatius Caraway), a Senator from Arkansas; born in Bakerville,
Humphreys County, Tenn., February 1, 1878; attended the public schools and was
graduated from Dickson (Tenn.) Normal College in 1896; thereafter located in
Jonesboro, Ark.; appointed as a Democrat on November 13, 1931, and subsequently
elected on January 12, 1932, to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy in
the term ending March 3, 1933, caused by the death of her husband, Thaddeus H.
Caraway; reelected in 1932, and again in 1938 and served from November 13, 1931,
to January 2, 1945; unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1944; first woman
elected to the United States Senate; chairwoman, Committee on Enrolled Bills
(Seventy-third through Seventy-eighth Congresses); member of the United States
Employees’ Compensation Commission 1945-1946; member of the Employees’
Compensation Appeals Board from July 1946 until her death in Falls Church, Va.,
December 21, 1950; interment in West Lawn Cemetery, Jonesboro, Ark.
American National Biography; DAB; Kincaid, Diane, ed. Silent
Hattie Speaks: The Personal Journal of Senator Hattie Caraway. Westport,
Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1979; Towns, Stuart. ‘A Louisiana Medicine Show: The
King Fish Elects an Arkansas Senator.’ Arkansas Historical Quarterly 25
(Summer 1966): 117-27.
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