Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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RIVES, William Cabell, senator, born in Nelson county, Virginia, 4 May, 1793; died at his country-seat, called Castle Hill, near Charlottesville, Virginia, 25 April, 1868. He was educated at Hampden Sidney and William and Mary, and studied law and politics under Thomas Jefferson. He served in 1814-'15 with a body of militia that was called out for the defence of Virginia during the second war with Great Britain, and was a member of the State constitutional convent ion in 1816 and of the legislature in 1817-'19. He was elected to congress in 1822 as a Democrat, served three successive terms, and in 1829 was appointed by President Jackson minister to France, where he negotiated the indemnity treaty of 4 July, 1831. On his return in 1832 he was chosen United States senator, in place of Littleton Tazewell, as a Van Buren conservative, but he resigned in 1834 in consequence of his unwillingness to participate in the senate's vote of ('ensure on President Jackson's removal of the United States bank deposits, of which he approved, but which the Virginia legislature reprobated. The political character of that body having changed, he was returned to the senate in 1835 in place of John Tyler, who had resigned, and held office till 1845. In January, 1837, he voted for Thomas 1t. Benton's "expunging resolution," which erased from the journal of the senate the resolution of censure for the removal of the bank deposits, He was again minister to France in 1849-'53. In 1861 he was one of the five commissioners to the "peace" congress in Washington. After the secession of Virginia, with which he was not in sympathy, he served in the first and second provisional Confederate congresses. Mr. Rives possessed extensive culture, and a pleasing and popular address. He published numerous pamphlets and addresses, and "Life and Character of John Hampden" (Richmond, 1845); "Ethics of Christianity" (1855)" and "History of the Life and Times of James Madison" (4 vols., Boston, 1859-'69). In the preparation of this work he had the advantage of a long and intimate acquaintance with its subject, and the use of all his manuscripts and papers.--His wife, Judith Page Walker, author, born at Castle Hill, Albemarle County, Virginia, 24 March, 1802" died there 23 January, 1882, was educated in Richmond, Virginia, and at seventeen years of age married Mr. Rives. She accompanied him on both his missions to France, and on her return embodied her recollections of Paris in "Souvenirs of a Residence in Europe" (Philadelphia, 1842) and "Home and the World " (New York, 1857). Her other publications in-elude "The Canary-Bird" (Philadelphia, 1835) and "Epitome of the Holy Bible" (Charlottesville, Virginia, 1846).--Their son, Affred Landon, engineer, born in Paris, France, 25 March, 1830, studied at Virginia military institute and at the University of Virginia, and in 1854 was graduated at the Ecole des ponts et chaussees, Paris. He was an assistant engineer in completing the United States capitol building, Washington, D. C., and in building the aqueduct there, in charge of the United States survey in improving Potomac river, and designed and constructed the Cabin John bridge, near Washington, which at the time of its completion was the largest single-arch stone bridge in the world. Since the civil war he has been general manager of the Mobile and Ohio railroad, and a vice-president and general manager of the Richmond and Danville railroad, and he is now (1888) superintendent of the Panama railroad.--His daughter, Amelie, author, born in Richmond, Virginia, 23 August, 1863, was educated by private tutors. In June, 1888, she married John Armstrong Chan-let, of New York city. Her first work was a story in the "Atlantic Monthly," which has since appeared with others in book-form under the title of "A Brother to Dragons, and Other Old-Time Tales" (New York, 1888). Her subsequent work includes stories and poems, and a novel entitled "The Quick or the Dead ?" (Philadelphia, 1888).
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