Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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LOWRIE, Walter, senator, born in Edinburgh, Scotland, 10 December, 1784; died in New York city, 14 December. 1868. He was brought to the United States when eight years of age by his parents, who settled in Huntingdon county, Pennsylvania, but subsequently removed to Butler county. Young Lowrie received a good education, but prosecuted his studies amid many difficulties. At the age of eighteen, he began a course of study with a view to entering the ministry, but was led to change his purpose. He was subsequently a member of the legislature for several years, and was afterward elected United States senator from Pennsylvania, and served from 6 December, 1819, till 3 March, 1825. On the expiration of his term he was elected secretary of the United States senate, an office he held for twelve years. While in the latter body he made his influence felt as a decided and earnest religious man. He was a founder of the Congressional prayer-meeting and the Congressional temperance society, and for many years served as a member of the executive committee of the American colonization society. In 1836 he became corresponding secretary of the Western foreign missionary society, afterward the Presbyterian board of foreign missions. He continued in the charge of his various duties until he was disabled by old age in 1868.--His son, John Cameron, clergyman, born in Butler, Pennsylvania, 16 December, 1808, was graduated at Jefferson college in 1829, prepared for the ministry at the Western and Princeton theological seminaries, and was licensed to preach, 21 June, 1832. On 23 May, 1833, he was ordained a missionary and was sent out by the Western foreign missionary society to northern India, but his health failed, and he returned in 1836. In 1838 Dr. Lowrie was made assistant secretary of the board of foreign missions, his father being secretary. In 1845 he was called to take charge of the 42d street Presbyterian church in New York city, a connection he continued to maintain until 1850, when he was elected one of the corresponding secretaries of the board of foreign missions. In 1865 he was chosen moderator of the general assembly of his church. He is the author of "Travels in North India, etc." (Philadelphia, 1841 ; same work issued in New York, 1850, under title of " Two Years in Upper India"); "A Manual of the Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America" (New York, 1855; 3d ed., 1868) ; and "Missionary Papers" (1882), besides many reports, sermons, and articles in the "Princeton Review."--Another son, Walter Macon, missionary, born in Butler, Pennsylvania, 18 February, 1819; died 19 August, 1847, was graduated at Jefferson in 1837, studied at Princeton theological seminary, and was ordained in November, 1841. On 19 Jan., 1842, he sailed for China to join the Presbyterian mission there. After laboring about two years in Macao, he removed to Ningpo in 1845. Having occasion to attend a conference of missionaries at Shanghai, he visited that city during the summer of 1847, and on the voyage back to Ningpo his vessel was attacked by pirates, and he was thrown into the sea. He was the author of "The Land of Sinim, or an Exposition of Isaiah xlix, 12" (Philadelphia, 1850), and " Sermons Preached in China " (New York, 1851). See "Memoir of W. M. Lowrie" (New York, 1849; Philadelphia, 1854-'5 and 1880), edited by his father.--Another son, Jonathan Roberts, lawyer, born in Butler, Pennsylvania, 16 March, 1823 ; died in Warrior's Mark, Pennsylvania, 10 December, 1885, was graduated at Jefferson college in 1842, and studied law with his cousin, Judge Walter H. Lowrie. He at first settled in Hollidaysburg, Blair County, Pennsylvania, but soon removed to Warrior's Mark, Huntingdon County, where he passed the remainder of his life. There he became the legal adviser of a firm owning one of the largest estates in central Pennsylvania. He spent much time in the study of the natural sciences, especially botany, and converted the grounds attached to his residence into an arboretum, made large collections of the rarer plants, and discovered one new species, Prunus Alleghaniensis, and several others that had not previously been found in the state.--Another son, Reuben, missionary, born in Butler, Pennsylvania, 24 November, 1827 ; died in Shanghai, China, 26 April, 1860, was graduated at the University of the city of New York in 1846, served there one year as tutor, and studied theology at Princeton, being graduated from the seminary in 1849. He was licensed to preach by the Luzerne, Pennsylvania, presbytery in 1851, at which time he was engaged in missionary work among the Choctaw Indians. He was ordained as a missionary in 1853, and sailed for Shanghai, where he applied himself to the study of Chinese, and translated the " Shorter Catechism" and a "Catechism on the Old Testament History" into that language. He devoted much time to the completion of a "Dictionary of the Four Books," that had been begun by his brother Walter, and had also nearly finished a "Commentary on the Gospel of Matthew" in Chinese when he died.--Walter's nephew, Walter Hoge, jurist, son of Mathew B., born in Armstrong county, Pennsylvania, 3 March, 1807; died in Meadville, Pennsylvania, 14 November, 1876, was graduated at the Western university of Pennsylvania in 1826, studied law, and was admitted to the bar, 4 August, 1829. In August, 1846, he was appointed to the judgeship of the district court of Alleghany county, Pennsylvania, and occupied that office until he was elected to the supreme court of Pennsylvania in 1851. He remained upon the bench twelve years, officiating during the last six years as chief justice. He then practised law for a few years in Pittsburg, and subsequently was chosen president judge of a judicial district in western Pennsylvania, where he remained until his death. Judge Lowrie was a contributor to the Princeton "Repertory" and other periodicals. Several of his papers that he read before the American philosophical society have been printed, including those on the " Origin of the Tides" and "Cosmical Motion."--Another nephew, John Marshall, clergyman, son of Mathew B., born in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, 16 July, 1817; died in Fort Wayne, Indiana, 26 September, 1867, was graduated at Lafayette in 1840. He studied theology at Princeton, was ordained, and in 1843 installed pastor of the churches of Blairstown and Knowlton, New Jersey He was subsequently settled at Wellsville and Lancaster, Ohio. and at Fort Wayne, Indiana In addition to frequent contributions, both poetical and prose, to the periodical press, Dr. Lowrie published "Adam and his Times" and "Esther and her Times" (Philadelphia, 1862); "The Hebrew Lawgiver" and "A Week with Jesus" (1866); "The Translated Prophet" (1868); and "The Prophet Elijah "' and "Life of David" (1869). He is also the author of a tract entitled" Christian in the Church" (1879).--A grand-nephew, Samuel Thompson, clergyman, son of Walter H., born in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, 8 February, 1835, was educated at the Western university of Pennsylvania and at Miami university, where he was graduated in 1852, after which he studied theology at the Presbyterian seminary in Alleghany City in 1852-'6, and in Heidelberg, Germany, in 1857. On his return to the United States he was called to the Presbyterian church in Alexandria, Pennsylvania, where he remained until 1863, and subsequently held pastorates in Philadelphia in 1865-'9; in Abington, Pennsylvania, in 1869-'74; and in Ewing, New Jersey, in 1879-'85; also occupying the professorship of New Testament literature and exegesis in the Western theological seminary in Alleghany City during 1874-'8. Professor Lowrie now (1887) holds the office of chaplain to the Presbyterian hospital in Philadelphia. He was associated in the translation of the volumes on "Isaiah" (1879) and " Numbers " (1880), of "Lange's Commentaries" (New York), wrote "Explanation of Hebrews" (1884), and translated Cremer's "Beyond the Grave" (1885).
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