Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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POND, Samuel William, missionary, born in Washington, Litchfield County, Connecticut, 10 April, 1808. He received a common-school education, and in 1831 became a professing Christian. In May, 1834, in advance of all other organized effort on the part of the churches, and having no connection with any society, he and his brother, GIDEON HOLLISTER (b. in June, 1810; died in January, 1878), entered the Dakota country, now the state of Minnesota, and began to labor as missionaries to the Indians of that tribe and the garrison at Fort Snelling. Returning to Connecticut, Samuel was ordained a minister of the Congregational church, 7 March, 1837, and the following October became connected with the American board. He was subsequently stationed in Minnesota at Lake Harriet, Fort Snelling, Oak Grove, and Prarieville, being released from the service of the board in September, 1854. He has since held pastorates in various parts of the same state, where he still (1888) resides. The Pond brothers were the first to reduce the Dakota language to writing. They also collated the majority of the words contained in the Dakota dictionary by Reverend Stephen R. Riggs (q. v.). They had previously studied Hebrew, Greek, Latin, French, and German. He has published, in connection with his brother, "The History of Joseph in the Language of the Dakota, or Sioux, Indians, from Genesis" (Cincinnati, 1839); "Wowapi Inonpa, the Second Dakota Reading Book" (Boston, 1842); and other translations into the same language. He is also the author of " Indian Warfare in Minnesota" in the "Collections" of the historical society of that state.
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