Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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SUARD, Nicolas (soo-ar), Haytian patriot, born in Jacmel about 1740; died in Port au Prince, 26 February, 1791. He was a mulatto, and a rich merchant of Cape Francais at the beginning of the French revolution. In 1790 he tried vainly to be elected a member of the colonial assembly, and, being defeated on account of his color, went to Paris, where he became a member of the club " Les amis des noirs," and devoted his large fortune to the cause of the enfranchisement of the slaves and to gain equal political rights for the mulattoes. The assembly having negatived a motion for enfranchisement, Suard and his countryman, Vincent Oge, resolved to secure it by force. They went to Philadelphia and New Orleans, enlisted 250 men, and, with a supply of arms and ammunition, landed near Cape Francais, 23 October, 1790. where they were joined by Jean Baptiste Chavannes and other insurgents. Suard shared in Oge's defeat, fled with him to tile Spanish part of the island, and was delivered to the French authorities and executed.
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