Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CADWALADER, John, born in Philadelphia, 10 January, 1742; died in Shrewsbury, Pennsylvania, 11 February, 1786. He took part in public affairs prior to the revolutionary war, and, when the movement for independence began, was a member of the Philadelphia committee of safety. He was captain of a military company half derisively and half admiringly nicknamed "The Silk-Stocking Company," nearly all of whose members afterward held commissions in the patriot army. On the formation of the City battalions, he was placed in command of one of them, and shortly afterward was promoted brigadier-general and placed in command of the Pennsylvania militia. He co-operated in the capture of the Hessians at Trenton, 26 December, 1776, and was present as a volunteer at the battles of Brandywine, Germantown, and Monmouth. In the autumn of 1777, at the request of Washington he assisted in organizing the militia of the eastern shore of Maryland. In the following winter, a combination against Washington was developed, which threatened to be formidable, and General Cadwalader challenged the most outspoken of the plotters, Thomas Conway. Cadwalader shot his antagonist in the mouth, and was himself unhurt. After the independence of the United States was secured, he removed to Maryland, and became a member of the state legislature. His daughter Fanny, in 1800, married David Montague, afterward Lord Erskineo Cadwalader published "A Reply to General Joseph Reed's ' Remarks'" (Philadelphia, 1783).
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