Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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ANDREW, James Osgood, N. E. bishop, born in Wilkes County, near Washington, Georgia, 3 May 1794; died in Mobile, Alabama, 1 March 1871. He was the son of a Methodist minister who was a partisan ranger in the revolution. He entered the South Carolina conference in 1812, was ordained deacon in 1814, received full ordination in 1816, preached on circuits in Georgia and North Carolina, was stationed at Savannah, Charleston, Greensborough, and Athens, was presiding elder for several years, and in 1832 was chosen bishop by the general conference that met at Philadelphia. After Emory College was established in 1841, he resided at Oxford, Georgia. In 1844 he married for his second wife Mrs. Leonora Greenwood, of Greensborough, who possessed a few slaves, and after marriage he conveyed to his wife all the rights in her property that the law gave him. He was himself the legal owner of a Negro woman, who had been left in his charge by a deceased parishioner, with the request that she might be sent to Liberia or remains with him, at her option, and also of a boy who had been bequeathed to his former wife. At the general conference, held in New York in 1844, the fact that Bishop Andrew was a slave-holder was the subject of a heated discussion, ending with the adoption of a resolution, by a vote of 111 to 69, requesting him to desist from performing the offices of bishop so long as he remained a slave-owner. When he became aware of the excitement caused by the fact that one of the bishops of the Church was interested in slave property, he decided to resign his Episcopal office, but was deterred by a formal request from the southern delegates to the conference. The representatives of thirteen southern conferences protested against this action and repudiated the jurisdiction of the general convention, and in May 1846, the Methodist Episcopal Church, south, was organized as an independent body, in a general conference held at Petersburg, Virginia Bishop Andrew presided as senior bishop over this organization until his death. After a visit to California in 1855, to look after the interests of the struggling southern Methodist Church there, he took up his residence in Summerfield, Alabama The New Orleans conference of 1866 granted him a retired relation at his own requested He published a volume of "Miscellanies" and a work on "Family Government."
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