Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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NEVIN, Edwin Henry, clergyman, born in Shippensburg, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, 9 May, 1814. His father served in the defence of Baltimore in 1812, and represented Cumberland county in the convention of 1837-'8 to remodel the state constitution. The son was graduated at Jefferson college, Pennsylvania, in 1833, and at Princeton theological seminary in 1836, when he was licensed to preach. He had charge of churches in Portsmouth and Portland, Ohio, from 1839 till 1841, when he became president of Franklin college, Ohio, and secured there the erection of a new building. Subsequently he held charges in Mt. Vernon and Cleveland, Ohio, of a Reformed church in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and of the 1st Reformed church in Philadelphia, but afterward retired from active duties. Franklin college, Ohio, gave him the degree of D. D. in 1870. His works include " Mode of Baptism" (Mt. Vernon, Ohio, 1847) ; " Warning against Popery "(Cleveland, 1851): "Faith in God, the Foundation of Individual and National Greatness" (1852);" The Man of Faith " (Boston, 1856); "History of all Religions" (Philadelphia, 1872) ; "The City of God " (Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 1868); " The Minister's Handbook" (Philadelphia, 1872) ; "Humanity and its Responsibilities" (1872) ; and "Thoughts about Christ" (1882). He now has ready for publication (18S8) "A Handbook of Church History" and a volume of poetry entitled " Carmina Cordis."--His brother, Alfred, clergyman, born in Shippensburg, Pennsylvania, 14 March, 1816, was graduated at Jefferson college in 1834, studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1837, and in 1840 was graduated at Western theological seminary, Alleghany, Pennsylvania He held pastorates in Cedar Grove, Chambersburg, Lancaster, and Philadelphia, but in 1861 he resigned to publish and edit the " Standard," a weekly religious newspaper, which was merged into the " Northwestern Presbyterian " at Chicago in 1866. He was editor of the "Presbyterian Weekly " in 1872-'4, and chief editor of the " Presbyterian Journal" from 1875 till 1880. He was lecturer in the National school of oratory, Philadelphia, in 1878-'80. Since 1855 he has frequently been a commissioner to the general assemblies and synods of his church, and he is a member of various historical and literary societies. Lafayette gave him the degree of D. D. in 1855, and Western theological seminary that of LL. D. in 1873. In addition to sermons and addresses, he is the author of " Christian's Rest" (Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 1843); " Spiritual Progression " (Chambersburg, 1848); " Churches of the Valley" (Philadelphia, 1852) ; '" Guide to the Oracles" (Lancaster, 1857) ; " Words of Comfort for Doubting Hearts" (New York, 1867); "Commentary on Luke" (Philadelphia, 1867) ; "The Age Question" (1868) ; "Popular Commentary" (1868); "The Voice of God" (1873); " Sabbath-School Help " (1.874) ; "Notes on Exodus" (1874);" Men of Mark of Cumberland Valley, Pennsylvania " (1876); " Notes on the Shorter Catechism" (1878); "Glimpses of the Coming World " (1880); " Triumph of Truth" (1880) ; " Prayer-Meeting Talks" (1880) ; "Parables of Jesus" (1881) ; " Letters to Colonel Robert G. Ingersoll" (1882) ; " How they Died" (1883) ; " Folded Lambs" (1885) ; and "Twelve Revival Sermons" (1885). He has edited the "Presbyterian Encyclopaedia" (1884) and a Presbyterian year-book for 1887-'8 (1887).--Another brother, David Robert Bruce, editor, born in Shippensburg, Pennsylvania, 28 November, 1828, was graduated at Princeton in 1848, studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1850. For many years he was con-netted with the Philadelphia press, was assistant editor of the " Presbyterian Encyclopaedia " (Philadelphia, , 1884), and publisher and editor of "Continental Sketches of Distinguished Pennsylvanians" (1876).--Edwin Henry's son, William Channing, author, born in New Athens, Ohio, 1 January, 1844, received his education in Boston, and was admitted to the bar in 1871. He established and edited the "Evening Express" in Philadelphia in 1873, and was connected with the editorial staff of the Philadelphia " Press" in 1877-'8, and that of the "Evening News" in 1881-'4. In addition to numerous essays and criticisms, he is the author of " History of All Religions" (Philadelphia, 1871); "The Life of Reverend Albert Barnes, D. D." (1871) ; " The Blue Ray of Sunlight, a Scientific Inquiry " (1877): "Ghouls and Gold" (1885);" A Wild-Goose Chase" (1885); "Bennie's Mother" (1885) ; "Joshua Whitcomb's Tribulation" (1886) ; "In the Nick of Time" (1886) ; "A Summer-School Adventure " (1887) ; and " A Slight Misunderstanding" (1877). He now (1888) has ready for publication "A Layman's Theology."--Edwin Henry's cousin, John William-son, clergyman, born near Strasburg, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, 20 February, 1803 ; died in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 6 June, 1886, was graduated at Union in 1821, and at Princeton theological seminary in 1826. He occupied the chair of oriental and biblical literature during the absence of Dr. Charles Hodge in Europe in 1826-'8, in 1828 was licensed to preach, and in 1829 was appointed professor of Hebrew and biblical literature in the recently established Western theological seminary in Alleghany City, Pennsylvania, where he remained ten years, in 1840 he accepted a professorship in the theological seminary of the German Reformed church in Mercersburg, Pennsylvania, and was shortly afterward made president of Marshall college in that town. In 1843 he published a tract entitled " The Anxious Bench," which provoked a remarkable and serious controversy in the church on the subject of revivals, and led to what has been called the "Mercersburg theology." He resigned his post in the theological seminary in 1851, and the presidency of Marshall college, on its removal to Lancaster and its consolidation with Franklin college in 1853. In 1861 he became professor of history and aesthetics in Franklin and Marshall college, of which he was president in 1866-'76, afterward retiring to private life. He received the degree of D. D. from Jefferson college in 1839, and that of LL.D. from Union college in 1873. Dr. Nevin's writings display a strong love of controversy. From 1849 till 1853 he edited the " Mercersburg Review " in Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, and, in addition to a large number of pamphlets, he was the author of " Biblical Antiquities " (2 vols., Philadelphia, 1827); " The Mystical Presence " (1846) ; and " The History and Genius of the Heidelberg Catechism" (Chambersburg, 1847); and contributed largely to religious journals, he was chairman of a commission to prepare a liturgy for the Reformed church, which was embodied in two works: " A Liturgy or Order of Worship, prepared and published by the Direction and for the Use of the German Reformed Church in the United States of America "(Philadelphia, 1858), and "An Order of Worship for the Reformed Church" (1867). This revised liturgy has since been in constant use in the Reformed church. --John Williamson's son, William Wilberforce, editor, born in Alleghany, Pennsylvania, 1 March, 1836, was graduated at Franklin and Marshall college in 1853, studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1867. He served as captain and assistant adjutant-general of United States volunteers in 1861-'5, was editor of the " Philadelphia Press" and president of the" Press" publishing company from 1867 till 1878, and since 1880 has been a director in various railroad companies. He has been largely engaged in railway building in Mexico. He is the author of " Vignettes of Travel" (Philadelphia, 1880).--Another son, Robert Jenkins, clergyman, born in Alleghany, Pennsylvania, 24 November, 1839, was graduated at Franklin and Marshall college in 1859. In 1861-'5 he served in the civil war, rising to the rank of captain and brevet major. He took orders in the Protestant Episcopal church in 1867-'8, became rector of the Church of the Nativity, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, in 1868, and since 1869 has been rector of St. Paul's American church in Rome, Italy, which he built. In 1873-'4 he represented his church in the reunion conferences that were called by Dr. Dollinger at Bonn, Germany, was commissary to the bishop of Edinburgh in establishing Old Catholic reform in Paris under Father Hyacinthe, and in 1887 to the bishop of New York for all matters pertaining to the Protestant Episcopal cathedral to be erected in New York city. Union gave him the degree of D. D. in 1874, and Hobart that of LL.D. in 1887. He is the author of " Reunion Conferences at Bonn " (New York, 1875) and "St. Paul's within the Walls" (1877).--John Williamson's daughter, Blanche, sculptor, born in Mercersburg, Pennsylvania, 25 September, 1841, was educated by tutors at her home and in Europe, and studied art in Philadelphia, Rome, Venice, and Florence. In addition to numerous portrait-busts, she has executed statues of "Maud Muller" (1875) ; "Eve " ; " Cinderella " (1876) ; and "General Peter Muhlenberg" (1887), which is in the capitol in Washington.
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