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PALACIO, Diego Garcia de (pah-lah'-the-o), Spanish soldier, born in Asturias, Spain, about 1,530; died after 1580. Little is known of his early life, except that he was auditor of Guatemala in 1576, according to a report that was made by him to the king of Spain in that year, and published in 1860 by Ephraim G. Squier in his "Documents concerning the Discovery and Conquest of America," under the title of " Carta dirigida al Rey." His name is found again on a contract that was made with Diego Lopez of Trujillo, Honduras, on 4 December, 1576, for the conquest and colonization of the province of Tegucigalpa, from Cape Camaron to San Juan river. In another letter to the king, dated 8 March, 1578, which is in the archives of Seville, he offered to conquer and pacify the Philippine islands at his own expense, and urged the change of the transit between the Atlantic and Pacific, from Mexico and Panama, to the route through Honduras, from Puerto Caballos to the Bay of Fonseca. On 30 April, 1579, he addressed another letter to the crown from Nicaragua about the pillaging of the coast of Peru by Francis Drake. In 1580 he was ordered as auditor to Mexico, and he was given in 1581 the degree of LL.D. by the University of that city, of which he afterward became rector. He was appointed commander of the fleet that was despatched from Acapulco against the English corsairs of the South sea, and his commission, which is in the archives of Mexico, gave him great latitude, but the result of the expedition is not known, and his name does not appear again. He wrote "Dialogos Militares" (Mexico, 1583)and "Instruccidn Nilutica para el uso de las Naos" (1587).
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