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HODGE, Charles, theologian, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 28 December, 1797; died in Princeton, New Jersey, 19 June, 1878. He was prepared for college in the academy of Somerville, New Jersey, was graduated at Princeton in 1815, and at the theological seminary there in 1819. He was made instructor in the theological seminary in 1820, and professor of oriental and biblical literature in 1822. After 1826 he spent two years in Europe studying in the universities of Paris, Halle, and Berlin. On his return in 1828 he resumed his professorship, and in 1840 was given the chair of didactic and exegetical theology, to which polemical theology was added in 1852. He founded the "Biblical Repertory" in 1825, enlarged, its plan in 1829, changing its name to the "Biblical Repertory and Princeton Review," and remained its editor until it was changed to the "Presbyterian Quarterly and Princeton Review" in 1871. Selections from his contributions to this periodical have been reprinted in " Princeton Theological Essays" (2 vols., 1846-'7) and in his "Essays and Reviews" (1857). In 1846 he was moderator of the general assembly of the Presbyterian church (old school), and in 1858 one of a committee to revise the "Book of Discipline." A volume has been published containing a record of the semi-centennial anniversary of his professorship, which was celebrated at Princeton, 24 April, 1872. On this occasion the graduates endowed the "Charles Hodge Professorship" with 850,000, and presented Professor Hodge with $15,000. Dr. Hodge's style is clear and argumentative; as a controversialist he is logical and fair, and he is regarded as a leader of Presbyterian thought.
The degree of D. D. was conferred on him by Rutgers in 1834, and that of LL. D. by Washington college in 1864. His publications are "Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans" (Philadelphia, 1835" abridged ed., 1836" rewritten and enlarged ed., 1866); "Constitutional History of the Presbyterian Church in the United States" (2 vols., 1840-'1); "The Way of Life" (1842); commentaries on "Ephesians" (1856), "1 Corinthians" (1857), and "2 Corinthians" (1860); "What is Darwinism ?" (1874)" and "Systematic Theology," his principal work (3 vols., 1871-'2). See his life by his son, Archibald A. Hodge (New York, 1880).--His brother, Hugh Lenox, physician, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 27 , June, 1796; died there, 26 February, 1873, was graduated at Princeton in 1814, and at the medical department of the University of Pennsylvania in 1818. In 1820 he began to practise in Philadelphia, after spending two years in India, and obtaining there a knowledge of cholera. During the epidemic of 1832, he was active in the cholera hospitals and successful in his plan of treatment. In 1821 he taught the anatomical class of Dr. William E. Hornet, who was then in Europe. He was appointed in 1823 to lecture on surgery in the school that subsequently became the "Medical Institute," and also became physician to the Philadelphia almshouse. In 1835 he was elected professor of obstetrics in the University of Pennsylvania, and held this chair till 1863, when he became emeritus professor. During his service he made several important medical inventions. He was active in the councils of the Presbyterian church. Dr. Hodge received the degree of LL.D. from Princeton in 1872. He wrote much for medical journals, and was the author of "Diseases Peculiar to Women" (Philadelphia, 1859)" "Principles and Practice of Obstetrics" (1864)" and "Foeticide" (1869).--Charles's son, Archibald Alexander, clergyman, born in Princeton, New Jersey, 18 July. 1823; died there, 11 November, 1886, was graduated at Princeton in 1841, and at the theological seminary in 1847. For three years he was a missionary in India, returning in 1850. He held charges in Lower West Nottingham, Maryland, from 1851 till 1855, in Fredericksburg, Virginia, from 1855 till 1861, and in Wilkesbarre, Pennsylvania, in 1861-'4. From 1864 till 1877 he was professor of didactic theology in Western theological seminary, Allegheny, Pennsylvania, during which time he was also pastor of a Presbyterian church. In 1877 he was appointed associate professor of didactic and polemic theology at Princeton, succeeding his father in 1878. He was a member of the board of trustees of Princeton, and for a time an editor of the "Presbyterian Review." He received the degrees of D. D. from Princeton in 1862 and LL.D. from Worcester college, Ohio, in 1876. He was the author of " Outlines of Theology," which is used as a text book, and has been translated into Welsh, modern Greek, and Hindustane (New York, 1860)" "The Atonement " (1868)" "A Commentary on Confession of Faith "(1869)" "The Life of Charles Hodge" (1880)" and the "Manual of Forms" (1883). His "Popular Lectures on Theological Themes" were published after his death (1887).--Hugh Lenox's son, Hugh Lenox, physician, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 30 July, 1836; died there, 10 June, 1881, was graduated at the University of Pennsylvania in 1855 and in medicine there in 1858. In 1861 he was appointed demonstrator of surgery and chief of the surgical dispensary of the University of Pennsylvania, and in 1870 was made demonstrator of anatomy. He was attached to the United States Satterlee hospital at Philadelphia during the civil war, and was also a surgeon in the Pennsylvania reserve corps, serving in McClellan's campaign, before Richmond, in the Gettysburg campaign, and at Fredericksburg in Grant's advance on Richmond. He was consulting surgeon to many charitable institutions, served as president of the Pathological society, and was a member of various medical associations. He contributed freely to medical literature on his original investigations on the subjects of metallic sutures, the treatment of fractures of the thigh by improved apparatus, the drainage of wounds by a solid metal probe, deformities after hip disease, tracheotomy in cases of pseudo-membranous croup, ovariotomy, and excision of the hip-joint.
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